Bioelectric toilet: A novel approach for treatment of human waste and generating onsite electricity for lighting toilets

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Indrasis Das, Dipak A. Jadhav won the award for research work of Bioelectric toilet: A novel approach for treatment of human waste and generating onsite electricity for lighting toilets. They carried their project work under guidance of  Dr. Makarand Madhao Ghangrekar.

Improper sanitation facilities in India are causing serious health hazards and lead to water contamination. Different types of onsite sanitation practices adopted in rural areas viz. aqua privy, pit privy, bore hole latrine, dug well latrine, septic tank etc. Among them, septic tank is most commonly used sanitation facilities in rural areas. But this can only remove chemical oxygen demand (COD) of about 30 to 40% from sewage and remaining organic matter along with pathogenic microorganisms left to the environment to pollute the water bodies. The concept of ‘Bioelectric Toilet’ is based on Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology which gives improved treatment to black water and sludge settled in the septic tank and generates bioelectricity. Odour problems associated with the septic tank minimizes due to anaerobic oxidation of ammonia and sulfide to nitrogen and elemental sulphur, respectively. Recently, a field scale 1500 L capacity multi-chamber multiple electrodes type (5 air cathode MFC and 1 aqueous cathode MFC) bioelectric toilet installed and put under operation in IIT Kharagpur campus since last six months. More than 95 percent COD (Chemical oxygen demand) removal efficiency was achieved and sustainable electrical energy production observed from this reactor which can illuminate toilet and toilet premises at night. Hypochlorite dosing is done as catholyte in the final cathode chamber of aqueous cathode MFC which reduces pathogenic contamination. Treated water can be reused and recycled for flushing purpose which decreases the fresh water consumption and makes it suitable for water scarcity areas.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Indrasis Das, Dipak A. Jadhav , Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

NOWAH (No Waste at Household) Technology – A novel, sustainable, smart and complete treatment technology for both faecal sludge and organic waste management

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Madras , Anu Rachel Thomas, Kaviyarasan R, Arya V, Praveen Rosario A won the award for research work of NOWAH (No Waste at Household) Technology – A novel, sustainable, smart and complete treatment technology for both faecal sludge and organic waste management. They carried their project work under guidance of  Prof. Ligy Philip.

Providing environmentally safe sanitation to the world’s second most populated nation is a challenging task. In India, the total sanitation coverage is 50% and in that only 12% have a piped sewerage connection. Majority of the households depends mainly on on-site wastewater treatment systems like septic tanks as their sole sanitation. Untreated septage disposal creates environmental degradation which mainly includes potential greenhouse gas emissions, percolation of emerging contaminants triggering water body contamination and also causes serious health threats as it contains millions of pathogens. In this context, our team has developed “NOWAH (No Waste at Household)” Technology – A novel, sustainable, smart and complete treatment technology for both faecal sludge and organic waste management. In this treatment system, fecal sludge containing both liquid and solid parts is separated initially at the separating chamber. Further the liquid effluent is biologically treated in an attached bioreactor (ABR) and the treated water can then be recycled for gardening. The dewatered solids will be conveyed to a composting chamber, where it will be cocomposted with organic waste from household. The final compost can then be used as a plant fertilizer. All these units are linked to one another and are underground concrete structures. The proper functioning of this system can be easily made using a cycle with gear mechanism fixed above ground. Thus, the proposed “NOWAH” technology aims at treating the faecal matter at the source where it is generated together with resource recovery in a sustainable and hygienic way. It is a closed loop system with zero power requirement. NOWAH technology can be easily adopted in any household and can even be scaled up for small communities.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Anu Rachel Thomas, Kaviyarasan R, Arya V, Praveen Rosario A , Indian Institute of Technology Madras at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

On Board Diagnostic Data Analysis System – OBDAS

Students of University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, Archit Agarwal won the award for research work of On Board Diagnostic Data Analysis System – OBDAS. He carried his project work under guidance of  Dr. Rajesh Singh, Anita Gehlot.

OBDAS is a complete Automotive Electronics Solution that can be plug-in to any vehicle irrespective of the manufacture. Now through OBDAS vehicle’s valuable information is on cloud that is accessible to different communities that can make value out of it. It is capable fetch real time data about car with more than 200 parameters through more than 25 ECUS. It process data with developed algorithms and convert into the valuable information.

 Then analyzed and upload information to the secure cloud server of the dedicated end-user’s vehicle. OBDAS is divided into two parts one is OBDAS BlackBox under the steering wheel which fetch, process and upload vehicle information to the cloud server and other is OBDAS Notifier over the dashboard which notifies in real time about the car performance to the end-users OBDAS making values to different communities Segment 1 Car owner · End user alerted in real Time about their car Diagnostic and overall performance through OBDAS Notifier · Notifies emergency services as soon as accident is detected with more than 95% accuracy based upon airbags and other parameters Segment 2 Automobiles companies · These companies can analyze and improve their manufactured car better than before by tracking their customer performance through OBDAS · They can now provide real time service to their customer about car the maintenance · OBDAS give the availability for customization with respect to parameters. Auto-Insurance Companies · Now, These companies can get telematics about history of their customer car · Capable to have accurate decision with respect to insurance policies based upon their customer car history · Can improve their business financially.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Archit Agarwal, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

SIT: Smell Your Health

Students of Shri Vishnu Engineering College for Women, Andhra Pradesh, Srilekha Pilla, Jyothi Chinta, Dr. M. Mohan Varma won the award for research work of SIT: Smell Your Health. They carried their project work under guidance of  Dr. Pushpa Kotipalli.

A neurological disorder is a disease that involves the brain and nervous system. There are many types of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and migraines. The World Health Organization reports that there are millions of people around the world suffer from neurological disorders. Around 24 million people suffer from Alzheimer’s disease and 326 million people suffer from migraines. Similarly, there are around 70 out of 10,000 people suffering with Parkinson’s disease in India. People met with accidents may get neurological disorders which may not be identified immediately. Detection in the early stage is very important to stop the progress of all these neurological disorders. Olfactory dysfunction is the early stage symptom to many of the neurological disorders. Here olfactory dysfunction refers to partial or complete smell loss. If a person notices symptoms like frequent headaches, blurry vision, fatigue, numbness in the legs or arms, physical imbalance, muscle weakness, slurred speech or tremors, he needs to take Smell Identification Test (SIT). If the person fails in the SIT, he should seek immediate help of professional medical practitioner. Existing SITs are not user friendly. We propose user friendly SIT. Mechanical setup of the tester is designed in such a way that oil bottles used with SIT can be accessed easily. The person under test has to identify the smell of the scent from the oil bottle. Answer booklet is provided in their preferred language. Depending on the number of correct answers, the person’s smell identification capability can be assessed which in turn helps in early detection of neurological disorders. Our current innovation is user friendly in terms of operation, language, size, portability, and cost.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Srilekha Pilla, Jyothi Chinta, Dr. M. Mohan Varma , Shri Vishnu Engineering College for Women, Andhra Pradesh at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Smartphone based portable low-cost continuous wave Doppler Ultrasound system

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Biswabandhu Jana, Rakesh Biswas, Pallab Nath won the award for research work of Smartphone based portable low-cost continuous wave Doppler Ultrasound system. They carried their project work under guidance of  Prof. Swapna Banerjee, Dr. Goutam Saha. 

The Peripheral arterial disease is an important cause of morbidity and affected almost 202 million people worldwide in 2010. A high end medical diagnostic system in rural healthcare units is not available due to its high cost. So, an attempt has been made to design a portable, low cost, smartphone based, continuous wave Doppler Ultrasound System for common people. The designed Ultrasound system consists of three major blocks, viz., Analog Front End (AFE), Signal Processing Block (SPB), and User Interface Block (UIB). In AFE, a pencil probe of 8 MHz is positioned on the artery to receive the backscattered signal and a tuned RF amplifier followed by an envelope detector is used to extract the Doppler shifted signal. The de-modulated signal is digitized for sending to the SBP module. The SBP is a Microblaze soft core processor based embedded system where processing is performed in an FPGA. The UIB displays spectrogram in real time and transfers to mobile through Bluetooth. Next, a smartphone application has been developed for further analysis. Android application removes the noise from the spectrogram and extracts clinically important blood flow features. A machine learning algorithm has been implemented in the smartphone for identifying the normal and abnormal condition. UNIQUE FEATURES – Diagnosis of arterial diseases by assessing the inconsistent blood flow in the peripheral arteries. – Detection of the exact zone of aortic obstruction. – Determine the normal and abnormal condition in an automated way. – The blood flow image can be sent to the doctors. – Abnormalities in an arterial system can be diagnosed by changing only transducer probe. – Detect Korotkoff sound for blood pressure measurement.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Biswabandhu Jana, Rakesh Biswas, Pallab Nath , Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

An indigenous technology for development of cost-effective and energy-efficient engine intake air filters

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Ajay Kumar Maddineni won the award for research work of An indigenous technology for development of cost-effective and energy-efficient engine intake air filters. He carried their project work under guidance of  Dr. Dipayan Das.

In automotives, the packing space in vehicular under-hood is shrinking day-by-day at a faster rate with the evolving engine technology. This limits the filtration area available for engine air filters, which causes an increase in local velocity of the airborne particles approaching to the filter media.

 As a result, the particles acquire higher kinetic energy that facilitates them to bounce back from filter surface, re-entrain into air stream, and finally penetrate through the filter media. This ultimately results in higher particle penetration and lower engine life. In the current innovation, an indegeneous and cost-effective solution is provided to the above-mentioned problems associated with the engine intake air filters. A compact engine intake air filter system is designed for motorcycles and the same is analyzed for air flow and particle filtration behaviors. The air filter system consists of a fibrous filter media, which, upon optimal impingement of viscous liquid, exhibits enhanced filtration performance by inhibiting particle bounce and re-entrainment. Further, because of the presence of the viscous films, a large number of dust particles get accumulated onto the air filters. Also, the dust particles are deposited quite uniformly onto the surface of chemically-treated air filters, unlike the untreated air filters where the dust particles form dendritic structures. As a result, the pressure-drop and service life of chemically-treated air filters are found to be superior to untreated ones. Consequently, the air filters developed in this work are likely to offer increased service life by 1.5-1.8 times, decreased fuel consumption by 20 litre and reduced CO2 emission by 50 kg per motorcycle for a ride of 12000 km before replacement of the filters.

 

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Ajay Kumar Maddineni , Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Detection of hydrocarbons by Laser Assisted Paper Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (LAPSI MS)

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Pallab Basuri, Depanjan Sarkar won the award for research work of Detection of hydrocarbons by Laser Assisted Paper Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry(LAPSI MS). They carried their project work under guidance of  Prof. Thalappil Pradeep.

We have introduced a new ambient ionization technique named ‘Laser Assisted Paper Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry’ (LAPSI MS). In LAPSI MS, a 532 nm ≤10 mW pen torch laser pointer was shown to a triangular paper along with high voltage to enhance the paper spray ionization. The analyte solution was continuously pushed through a fused silica capillary, using a syringe pump, at a preferred infusion rate. LAPSI MS promises enhanced ionization with high signal intensity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are normally not ionizable with other mass spectrometric techniques. LAPSI MS works both in positive and negative modes of ionization. A clear enhancement of signal intensity was visualized in the total ion chromatogram for an analyte in presence of the laser. 

 

We speculate that the mechanism of ionization is field assisted photoionization. The field-induced distortion of the potential well can be large in paper spray as the fibers constituting the paper are separated at tens of nanometers apart and consequently the analyte molecules are subjected to very large electric fields. LAPSI MS can be used for monitoring in situ photo-assisted reactions like, the decarboxylation of mercaptobenzoic acid in presence of gold and silver nanoparticles and dehydrogenation reaction of 2,3-dihydro-1Hisoindole, for example. As an application we have shown that the paraffin oil which is usually non ionizable by paper spray or by electrospray ionization can be efficiently detected using this technique. As a real life application, such impurities like mineral oils were detected in commercially available coconut oil.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Pallab Basuri, Depanjan Sarkar, Indian Institute of Technology Madras at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Augmentative Rehabilitation of SCI and Stroke Patients

Student of CSIR, Chandigarh, Kashif Islam Khan Sherwani won the award for research work of Augmentative Rehabilitation of SCI and Stroke Patients. She carried her project work under guidance of Dr. Neelesh Kumar.

According to World Health Organisation, 15 percent of world’s population have some sort of disability. But only 7 percent of the world’s population has access to physical medicine and rehabilitation. Lack of quality physiotherapists and awareness about specialized rehabilitation care makes this situation worse and that too is limited to tier 2 cities in India. Spinal Cord Injury, Cerebral Palsy, Parkinson’s disease are few chronic diseases that require continuous rehabilitation, but the patients are not able to visit rehabilitation clinic regularly because of distance and/or cost issues. Because of this reason patients’ start losing interest. If still, they try to visit the therapist, it becomes very monotonous of doing same traditional exercises and does not get any motivation and feedback to track their daily progress.The solution for the above problem is the augmentative rehabilitation that includes virtual reality therapy system that stimulates training of neuromotor movements, houses a wide array of abilities, delivers a simple way for physicians to track usage, and could be used at home and primary health centers. VR technologies offer new space for human exploration, understanding, and support by providing patients a safe environment in which they can interact and develop a goal and taskoriented activities within functional-virtual environments, especially when they find themselves in situations of cognitive, behavioural or motor disabilities. The solutions built from these technologies reduce patient’s limitations of activity and participation by promoting the recovery of functional motor abilities stemming the emerging philosophy of rehabilitation.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Kashif Islam Khan Sherwani , CSIR, Chandigarh at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

TULO – An Automated Mandibular Advancement Device for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Vimal C won the award for research work of TULO – An Automated Mandibular Advancement Device for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. He carried her project work under guidance of Prof. Dr. J. Ramkumar.

Obstructive sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder that affects about five percent of adults. Sleep apnea is a condition in which the airway in your throat collapses when you sleep, so the muscles relax. If this collapse is constant, it causes apnea or simply said absence of breath. If the collapse is not constant, usually causes snoring. The long term consequences of having obstructive sleep apnea are high blood pressure, sleepiness, headaches and risk of heart attack or stroke. Mandibular advancement devices have mouth guard that is fitted to both top and bottom teeth and joined together in a way that bottom teeth are in front of the top teeth. Pushing the bottom jaw forward opens up and supports the airway, so there is less chance to collapse. Mandibular advancement devices are the oral appliance used to treat snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. These devices protrude the mandible and induce changes in the anterior position of the tongue, soft palate, lateral pharyngeal walls, and mandible, resulting in improved airway patency. Evidence suggests that MAD improves snoring and OSA. Extent of advancement in MAD enhance efficacy in reducing upper airway obstruction events but it also increases temporomandibular joint pain, myofascial pain, occlusal changes and anxiety and stress of the patient. Usage of a MAD device however requires some precision adjustment and frequent visit with the physician thus induces a lot of ambiguity to the user. Hence we have developed an automated MAD device in two specific advancement platforms. One is a time dependent mandibular advancement while the other is advancement of the mandible with respect to oxygen desaturation levels in the body through a wearable band.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Vimal C, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Katha-Exploration of narrative approach in furniture design

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur , Ritika Singh won the award for research work of Katha-Exploration of narrative approach in furniture design. She carried her project work under guidance of Dr. Koumudi Patil.

Katha aims to foster creative problem solving, causal thinking and articulate communication skills in children through a narrative playlearning aid. This play-aid is a responsible and sustainable product, designed for manufacturing by craftspeople (Banarasi wooden toymakers) in an additional effort to integrate the neglected craft sector with a contemporary educational need for creative pedagogies. Katha attempts to link the lacunae in our education system with the needs of our craft sector. Therefore, the board game has been designed for manufacturability in the craft sector and not through a machine. The turned characters as well as the wooden board and painted motifs can be made best by hand. The size of the pegs, threading, and form of characters have been decided based on the turning device used by the Banarasi wooden toymakers. Thus, this is design for craft manufacturability. The idea is not to mass produce but create limited editions of high value. Katha consists of multiple narrative trajectories that can be constructed into myriad stories that encourage the child’s critical abilities to juxtapose the causal connections into a coherent whole. It encourages the lateral thinking hat of the child and emboldens him to create his own path rather than follow a prefixed trajectory. It also playfully introduces the child to our cultural heritage hidden deep in our ethics.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Ritika Singh , Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Loco pilot vision enhancement system: TRINETRA (Third Eye) for Indian Railways

Students of Indian Institute of Technology BHU, Varanasi, Anand Kumar K. S., Gurupadappa Motagi, Ravindran R won the award for research work of Loco pilot vision enhancement system: TRINETRA (Third Eye) for Indian Railways. She carried her project work under guidance of Prof. (Dr.) R. K. Saket.

Indian Railway provides the most important mode of public transport in India. It is the most commonly used and cost effective long distance transport system of the country. Indian Railways is also helping Indian economy in many ways like by providing fast and reliable transport medium for various needy articles across the country. The railways are suffering revenue losses due to cancellation or late running of passenger trains as a result of foggy weather conditions especially in the northern India fog-prone regions. In last five years the Indian railways has lost in access of Indian rupees 1.5 lakh crores due to cancellation of trains, and delay in running trains. Considering its importance, this project work TRINETRA – the third eye to prevent railway accidents in India, has been researched and dedicated to Bharat Ratna Madan Mohan Malaviya Chair at IIT-BHU for railway research. It marks the centenary celebrations of Banaras Hindu University. TRINETRA is expanded as “Technological Research and Invention for National Empowerment of Trains to Reduce Accidents”. In Hindi, the word TRINETRA means ‘Third Eye’. Equipped with zoom able visual and thermal sensor TRINETRA will be fixed on the front portion of the engine (Loco-motive). It will effectively catch a long range view of the track and present it live on a mini screen (smart phone) fixed at the loco pilot’s cabin. They can see the long range of the track on screen. The sensor and screen will be interfaced through OTG or Wi-Fi. TRINETRA an indigenous camera system is an outcome of our efforts to address the current operational visibility issues faced by the loco pilots during odd weather conditions especially fog & rain.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Anand Kumar K. S., Gurupadappa Motagi, Ravindran R , Indian Institute of Technology BHU, Varanasi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Cerium Impregnated Activated Carbon Composite as a Filtering Material for Fluoride Removal from Groundwater

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Patna, Mahipal, Hasan Ahmed Faisal won the award for research work of Cerium Impregnated Activated Carbon Composite as a Filtering Material for Fluoride Removal from Groundwater. They carried her project work under guidance of Dr. Trishikhi Raychoudhury.

Groundwater Contamination with fluoride (F-) is a major concern due to its chronic behavior on human health. In India, specific region of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are severely affected by Fcontamination. To address this issue, there is a need to investigate for cost effective, efficient and environmental friendly technology focused primarily on F-removal from groundwater.There are only a few studies available that focus on removal of F- from natural groundwater.

 Therefore, to address this issue, several groundwater samples were collected from the Nagaur district of Rajasthan and with an objective to remove F- from the groundwater samples using a novel composite (AC-Ce). In this study, cerium metal was impregnated within granular activated carbon(AC-Ce) to increase its adsorption capacity. The study suggests impregnation of Ce in AC has enhanced the fluoride sorption efficiency significantly (0.27 mg/g to 2.9 mg/g). Sorption of F- and along with ion-exchange between nitrate and F- are attributed to high F- removal by the ACCe composite.The performance of the composite within a 1-D fixed bed column was studied to investigate the suitability of applying the composite in a filter. Effects of co-ions are also evaluated on fluoride removal by the composite. The result suggests, AC-Ce composite in fixed bed filter media can treat up to 722 ml of 10 mg/l Fcontaminated water. However, performance of composite reduces significantly in natural groundwater. This is due to presence of phosphate and bicarbonate ions competing with F- for active sites on the composite. Suitable pretreatment method should be adopted for addressing this problem.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Mahipal, Hasan Ahmed Faisal, Indian Institute of Technology Patna at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Design and Development of Intelligent and Robust Grid Integrated Solar PV System with Improved Power Quality for Roof Top Applications Especially For Abnormal Indian Distribution Feeder

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Amresh Kumar Singh, Ikhlaq Hussain won the award for research work of Design and Development of Intelligent and Robust Grid Integrated Solar PV System with Improved Power Quality for Roof Top Applications Especially For Abnormal Indian Distribution Feeder. They carried her project work under guidance of Prof. Bhim Singh.

This work deals with a novel, intelligent and robust control approach for a three phase grid connected solar PV (Photovoltaic) system, which is based on FZA-NLMF (Fast Zero AttractingNormalized Least Mean Fourth) algorithm and few other robust control techniques. Simultaneously, improvement of traditional maximum power point technique (MPPT) is done here, which enhance the tracking performance of conventional MPPT approach. Moreover, this investigation has done for both single stage as well as double stage solar PV system interfaced with local distribution feeder. These control algorithms achieve the objective of mitigation of power quality issues such as harmonics reduction and power factor correction together with extraction of peak power generated by the PV array. The system uses a PV array, a VSC (Voltage Source Converter), linear and nonlinear loads. Here, VSC is connected to a PV array to transfer the active power to the three phase load and the grid. The dependency on tuning of proportionalintegral (PI) controller is reduced because of feedforward term of the PV power. Due to this, the system dynamic response is improved, which makes the system quite robust. The system goals are to mitigate power quality problems and to provide current conditioning while operating in coherence with a weak distribution grid like abnormal Indian distribution feeder, which has poor quality of power, in terms of voltage distortions with imbalances. MATLAB/ Simulink is used to develop the model of the proposed system. The validation of proposed control is done at varying linear and nonlinear loads and under different environmental conditions on a prototype developed in the laboratory.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to  Amresh Kumar Singh, Ikhlaq Hussain, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Rapid Cervical Cancer Detection using Neuromorphic Hardware

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Narayani Bhatia, Shridu Verma won the award for research work of Rapid Cervical Cancer Detection using Neuromorphic Hardware. She carried her project work under guidance of Dr. Manan Suri.

In a vast country like India, trained cytologists are constrained by paucity of time and outreach and manual screening of slides leads to slow detection of disease. This is inadequate, because overburdening of human resources leads to dangerously inaccurate diagnosis, and is not time and cost effective. Our solution is an intelligent cervical cancer diagnostic support system which is a first-in-the-series of experiments to follow. Our aim is to develop low-cost, fast and powerefficient healthcare diagnostic techniques so that no disease goes undetected. We train our neuromorphic hardware solution, which is inspired by the parallelism of the brain to mimic brain-like functionality, on existing datasets of classified slide images and use a machine-learning algorithm implemented on hardware for classification. In a scenario where 99% of the solutions are software-centric, consuming huge amounts of power and employing cloud based services, our custom hardware solution is based on true artificial intelligence resulting in drastic reductions in screening times, enhanced decision-making ability and lower operational costs. It is independent of the magnification at which the pap smear images may be viewed, and is invariant to staining variations that may arise due to laboratory testing procedures in medical labs.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Narayani Bhatia, Shridu Verma, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Ionic movement based desalinator

Students of Pondicherry University , L. R. Ravindranath, S Abilash Varan, M. Logesh, S. Arvindh won the award for developing a prototype of Ionic movement based desalinator. They carried their project work under guidance of  Dr. S. Anbumalar.

Nowadays, mostly coastal areas are in the shortage of drinking water. The areas up to 10 kms from the sea shore are affected by the sea water intrusion and getting high saline groundwater.

This is the major issue in our nation in the supply of drinking water to the people and the inability to supply water to the process industries. This leads to the public health issues, damage of economic development etc..There is an technology called reverse osmosis to reduce salinity, this technology is at the high cost of installation of equipment and RO membrane filters. The yield is also very low. In our proposed method, the filter membrane is replaced by electric polarized electrodes. The principle involved in this proposed system is electrolytic ionic moment towards the opposite charges of the electrodes.The working concept of the system is the water flows, as the water fed into system through a pipe line which is split into two directions, upward and downward flow. The salts coming from feed water flow are diverted into downward flow using the concept of electrolytic ionic movement to the opposite charges of the electrode, which are fixed in downward water flow pipeline part. The downward flow water with ions of salts is drained as reject by utilizing the gravitational force. The upward flow left free from the ions of the salts, this outlet is collected as product. Link: https://www.youtube.c om/watch?v=nsigKZlTpOY | https://www.youtube.c om/watch?v=6moDT6t zccw

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to L. R. Ravindranath, S Abilash Varan, M. Logesh, S. Arvindh , Pondicherry University at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

WhiteCane: A Virtual Assistant for the Visually Impaired

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Barnopriyo Barua, Kaustubh Mani, Divyansh Gupta won the award for research work of WhiteCane: A Virtual Assistant for the Visually Impaired

We are using various artificial intelligence techniques to simulate a digital assistant that uses the smartphone camera to help visually challenged users in various day to day tasks. The app will take a spoken query as an input from the user.

This query will be converted from speech to text and will then be categorized into one of the many functions like Screen Description, Currency Recognition, OCR, Facial Recognition, Visual Question Answering, Object Localization etc. using the latest state-of-the-art Computer Vision and Natural Language Understanding techniques. This query, along with an image captured by the camera will be passed as an input to the appropriate computer vision model based on the intent predicted in the previous step. The result will then be spoken back to the user by our application, by using android’s text-to-speech functionality. Until now, assistive technologies in this field were usually in the form of standalone hardware devices, which turned out to be prohibitively expensive for most users. The advent of cheap smartphones allows us to use the camera to help users in day to day tasks like currency recognition, face identification, reading, etc. all through an easy to use voice based interface.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Barnopriyo Barua, Kaustubh Mani, Divyansh Gupta , Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Open Source Augmented Reality Wearable Smart Assist Device for Blind

Student of University of Toronto , Sarang Nerkar, Ambarish Gurjar won the award for research work of Open Source Augmented Reality Wearable Smart Assist Device for Blind. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Steve Mann.

We present an open source augmented reality wearable device that provides the ability of smart vision to the blind. The device uses facial and object recognition for a smart analysis of the space around the blind person. It uses depth sensing to find out the distances between the user and detected people and objects. Text to speech techniques are used to inform the blind person about the smart analysis of the space around them. The device uses gesture recognition to trigger the audio output in order to prevent the device from being a distraction rather than an aid. The device is implemented as an open source platform to encourage open innovation in the field of assistive technologies.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Sarang Nerkar, Ambarish Gurjar, University of Toronto at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

A Computational Alternative to Analyze and Understand Ebola Virus Pathogenesis in Human

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Abantika Pal, Anupam Banerjee won the award for research work of A Computational Alternative to Analyze and Understand Ebola Virus Pathogenesis in Human. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Pralay Mitra.

Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV), one of the most pathogenic species of Ebolavirus, is a significant threat to the human community according to the World Health Organization Ebola Situation Report. Several efforts have been made to design vaccines and therapeutic drugs without much success owing to the limited binding site residue information of human protein interacting with the viral protein (VP) molecules. Such limitations stem largely from the highly infectious nature of the virus that requires specialized personnel and bio-safety Level 4 laboratories to perform wet lab experiments. Although critical interactions involving the VPs and the human proteins responsible for innate/adaptive immune responses are discovered, specific binding information between such pairs is still unknown in most cases. Therefore, we proposed a protein interaction and protein design based computational alternative to identify critical residues crucial for the human protein-VP interactions. The computational framework used an existing protein design algorithm ensuring evolutionarily and energetically favorable mutations on interface residues of a participating protein in a protein complex. The VP24-KPNA5 (karyopherin alpha proteins 5) interaction is an experimentally well-studied phenomenon concerning EBOV pathogenesis and was therefore chosen to establish the efficacy of the proposed method. The critical residues identified in the VP24-KPNA5 interface by the proposed method were in excellent agreement with the previously reported experimental findings. Additionally, the mutations of the critical residues affected the overall stability of the complex because of a sharp decrease in both the number of hydrogen bonds and possible charge-charge interactions. Therefore, we propose that the computational framework could be extended to destabilize similar host-pathogen (like Human proteins interacting with Ebola:VP35) interactions, the critical interacting residues of which are to date unexplored.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Abantika Pal, Anupam Banerjee, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Brain wave nerve excitation for physically disabled

Students of SCMS – School of Enginnering and Technology, Kerala, Sarath S, Shilpa M Biju, Shilpa P Prasad, Midhun Raj, Sachin S, Nandha Kiran, Hridhya Jolly K won the award for research work of Brain wave nerve excitation for physically disabled. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr Sunil Jacob.

Paralysis is a problem that has been plaguing the general population ever since mankind has evolved. It is a disheartening sight to see the plight of these differently abled people not being able to bring in as much productivity as the normal population out in the real world. Of the total world population, over 29% suffer from paralyzes due to stroke or some other reasons.

Paralysed person has a clot in the brain cells that blocks the signal transmission from brain to muscle. To solve this problem we introduce the Brain to Muscle Interface for Paralyzed (BMIP) technique. The BMIP will act as a direct interface between brain and muscle by bypassing the clotting between them. This interface helps brain to control the muscle movements according to his thinking and concentration. The wearable glove that is attached to the controlling person contains the EMG electrodes which tap the excitation produced due to the corresponding movement and it is then converted into an EMG signal .We use TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) device that provides electrical stimulation for excitation. The headset contains 16 EEG electrodes in total (14 live electrodes & 2 reference electrodes). These electrodes are placed in contact to the necessary nerve excitation points in head. Arduino is used as an interface between the spiker shield, TENS device and the hand gloves. The person controls the movements by thought and it’s an efficient way of helping the paralyzed to do their real time activities. Link: https://youtu.be/t7iYi822lGM

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Sarath S, Shilpa M Biju, Shilpa P Prasad, Midhun Raj, Sachin S, Nandha Kiran, Hridhya Jolly K, SCMS – School of Enginnering and Technology, Kerala at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Buzzing Band For Hearing and Speech Impaired

Student of Shri Vishnu Engineering College for Women, Andhra Pradesh , Saka Naveena, Panchakarla Sevya Naga Priyanka, Khande Dhana Lakshmi , Murikipudi Bindu Madhaviwon the award for research work of Buzzing Band For Hearing and Speech Impaired. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. Ravuri Viswanadham, Prof. K. Padma Vasai .

Communication is part and parcel in every man’s day to day life. But it causes several difficulties for a person who is hearing impaired or speech impaired. Even though sign language replaces general talks for them, it fails to draw the attention of the person who is distant from the speaker. This situation causes lack of interaction among the hearing impaired students and the teacher. To overcome the problem faced by students in classroom and enable him to engage with teacher or with distant student a device that supports mass communication is needed. So to suit this requirement, the proposed solution is a device called “BUZZING BAND”. The key feature of this device is to provide one to many communications (between teacher and all students in class) in addition to one to one communication”. In order to achieve the above said communications RF Technology is preferred. Communication from one device to another is easily achieved by using RF technology. The input to the buzzing band is given with the help of a button. The button is connected to the Arduino nano to which an RF transmitter is interfaced. On the receiver’s side there will be an RF receiver which is interfaced with arduino along with a single digit display and a micro vibrator motor. The future innovation uses programming techniques so that signal is sent to various transceivers with a small time delay between each transmission to a single transceiver.

Link: https://youtu.be/jzYk xaMv5xU

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Saka Naveena, Panchakarla Sevya Naga Priyanka, Khande Dhana Lakshmi , Murikipudi Bindu Madhavi, Shri Vishnu Engineering College for Women, Andhra Pradesh at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Development of Smart Wearable Body Warmers Using Graphene Coated Conductive Fabrics

Student of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Nagarjuna Neella, Vaishakh Kedambaimoole won the award for research work of Development of Smart Wearable Body Warmers Using Graphene Coated Conductive Fabrics . She carried her project work under guidance of Prof. K. Rajanna, Prof. M. M. Nayak, Prof. N. S. Dinesh.

Body warmers are generally used to combat cold weather conditions across the globe. Also, they find use in biomedical i.e. electrotherapy treatments, medical blankets for patients to maintain their body temperatures and military worn jackets for soldiers in the defense forces. Moreover, some of the flexible beds employ air cushion which serves as good heat insulator to retain heat but they do not function as body warmer. Additionally, blankets/jackets made up of pure woolens/pashmina from cashmere, caprinae family animal’s fiber may prove to be good body warmer, but quite expensive and hence not affordable for middle class person/common man. Also, no control of warming is available with such garments. Warmers presently available in the market consists of fine wires/films made of metal alloys, ITO and Ga doped Zinc Oxide woven to form high resistances and consumes higher power than proposed RGO. Today’s rapid growth and progress of work in the area of wearable miniaturized electronic devices using nanoscience and engineering concepts have led to the new generation of device technology. Nanomaterials used in elements designed for creating flexible electronics/electrical and fabrics/garments due to their unique properties i.e. large SA/V and dimensionality. Commercial heaters have disadvantages: complicated fabrication and monotonous which leads to special machinery, opacity, heavy and rigidity, intolerance to acid/base, fragile, lower heating efficiency and also bulky, expensive, limited flexibility. So, looking for innovative devices with effective body warming functionality, compatible/flexibility, lower energy consumption & manufacturing costs. Presently developed/invented RGO based cloth fabrication is straight forward either by dipping/pouring solution onto the cloth and curing it suitably. Therefore, our aim is to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks, wherein the invention provides heating device formed into required shapes, corrosion free, flexible and biocompatible.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Nagarjuna Neella, Vaishakh Kedambaimoole, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Nano-biosensor And Methods For Detecting Potassium Ion Concentration

Students of Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Jaymin Kanubhai Jadav, Khyati Jagdish Rathod won the award for research work of Nano-biosensor And Methods For Detecting Potassium Ion Concentration. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. B. A. Golakiya.

The invention’s outcome will help in determination of potassium deficiency from the standing crop even if the plant is not showing any visible deficiency symptoms. Potassium deficiency levels can be determined at any stage and which will help to prevent its further progress. If on determination, the plant potassium content, is found close to the threshold deficit level or deficient; potash fertilizer which is a readily available form of potassium can be applied to the field crops to recover them from the deficiency and prevent the overall yield losses. 

The invention belongs to electrochemical analysis of activity of ions in sample via a potentiometric sensor. This makes it a field portable and a unique class of biosensors that may be very useful in agricultural fields. The sensor is based upon screen printable technology, where a screen printed electrochemical cell is modified using a biomimetic component say; valinomycin- an antibiotic, one of the most potent potassium (k+) ion carrier to function as ion selective electrode. For measuring ion activity in the mentioned plant sap samples, the Ion-Selective Electrodes (ISE) are without any competition. The present research is aimed to solve the problem of detection of potassium deficiency prior as Hidden Hunger i.e. early detection to the actual morphological/visible symptoms appears in the crop plants. If the plant potassium deficiency can be determined before the symptoms, then preventive measures can be taken recover the plant health such applying potassium based fertilizer. This will also control the unnecessary usage of fertilizers, improve soil health and reduce water and atmospheric pollution ultimately reducing the cost or expenses of farming.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Jaymin Kanubhai Jadav, Khyati Jagdish Rathod, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

New generation periscope fruit picking device

Students of Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Hyderabad, Tania Dutta won the award for developing a prototype of New generation periscope fruit picking device. She carried her project work under guidance of Dr. P Yogeeswari.

The estimated extent of annual post harvest losses are: Fruits, about 30 per cent valued at Rs 13,600 crores and for vegetables about 30 per cent valued at Rs 14,100 crores.

The most probable cause for the losses encountered is the untimely harvesting before proper maturation and the harvesting of damaged fruits along with the good ones and storing them together.The post harvest losses can be minimised to a great extent if the harvesters can see the condition of the fruits on the trees before picking them. Thus, I have come up with a design optimised modified tool structure. We have incorporated the idea of a periscope inside a fruit picker in such a way that it gives a complete view of the fruit so that the harvesters can decide if the fruit has ripened or not and pick accordingly. The device also has a focusing and zooming lens set-up for a better image at the end. The rod in the device are placed in a telescopic fashion. 
This allows flexible height adjustment of the rod according to the fruit height on the tree. The design is simple, convenient to use, does not require much technological knowledge, very cheap, easy to manufacture and provides a great loss minimisation in the long run. This product is mainly targeted to help the poor farmers who are still used to with the traditional old methodologies and equipments and have not yet been exposed to the highly advanced technical automated robotic machineries on which current researches are going on abroad.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Tania Dutta, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Hyderabad at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Eco-Friendly Water Retention Natural Polymer

Students of College of Technology and Engineering, Udaipur, Narayan Lal Gurjar, Shashi Pratap Singh Shekhawat, Ankit Jain won the award for research work of Eco-Friendly Water Retention Natural Polymer. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Shailendra Mohan Mathur.

As we know our country is agricultural depending economy and big part of our economy is depends on the agriculture. But production in agriculture is proportional to water availability.

In India 266 districts, in 11 states declared drought affected. The average food grain production between 2010-2011 and 2014-2015 is 255.59 million tons, while in 2015-2016, it is estimated to be at 253.16 million tones. More than 70% districts drought affected in 8 states. The data shows scarcity and unavailability of water causes too many losses. So we tried to create something helpful to retain water for long time, and in this trying we are successful to create a polymer named “Eco-Friendly Water Retention Natural Polymer”. Keeping in mind all the conditions of our country and our farmers we designed this product at low cost with much more efficiency. This polymer is working on properties of SAP. SAP have properties to absorb water of quantities of their own weight. It has more capacity to store water for long time. On testing of our product we found it may retain water for 4 to 6 weeks that means crops irrigated at intervals of 2 to 4 days are now can be irrigated at 7 to 8 days with less water consumption. Therefore, finally farmers can get more crop production in low water consumption. Our natural polymer is designed by use of waste material like banana peels and peepal barks with gel. As all the ingredient used are biodegradable, so our designed product is also biodegradable and completely pollution free i.e. it is easily mixed with soil and does not create any problem in the future.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Narayan Lal Gurjar, Shashi Pratap Singh Shekhawat, Ankit Jain, College of Technology and Engineering, Udaipur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

3D-NuS: A Web Server for Automated Modeling and Visualization of Non-Canonical 3- Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, L Ponoop Prasad Patro, Abhishek Kumar, Narendar Kolimi won the award for research work of 3D-NuS: A Web Server for Automated Modeling and Visualization of Non-Canonical 3- Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures . They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Thenmalarchelvi Rathinavelan.

The inherent conformational flexibility of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA etc.) facilitate the formation of a range of conformations such as duplex, triplex, quadruplex etc., which play crucial roles in biological processes such as mismatch repair, replication, recombination, transcription, translation, gene regulations etc. These unconventional base pairing and structural conformations on DNA/RNA structures at different sequence contexts also induce abruptions in normal cell function which can lead to deformities and diseases (cancer, fragile X syndrome, etc.).

 To understand the role of these unusual nucleic acid structures in aforementioned biological phenomena and diseases, structural details at atomic level is indispensable. But, experimental methods (such as XRAY crystallography, NMR etc.) are not always successful in determining structural details and are very expensive. Further, structural insights about nucleic acid triplexes, which are generally not tractable to structure determination by X-ray crystallography or NMR techniques, are essential to establish their biological function(s). A web server, namely 3D-NuS (http://iith.ac.in/3dnus/), has been developed to generate energy minimized models of 80 different types of triplexes, 64 types of Gquadruplexes, left handed ZDNA/RNA duplexes, RNADNA hybrid duplex along with inter- and intramolecular DNA or RNA duplexes comprising a variety of mismatches and their chimeric forms for any user defined sequence and length. It also generates an ensemble of conformations corresponding to the modeled structure. These structures may serve as good starting models for docking proteins & small molecules with nucleic acids, NMR structure determination, cryo-electron microscope modeling, DNA/RNA nanotechnology applications and molecular dynamics simulation studies. The operational milestones that would be accomplished in future include generation of aforementioned structures with modified nucleic acids such as PNA and LNA, intra-molecular triplexes, complex duplexes and models with user defined structural parameters.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to L Ponoop Prasad Patro, Abhishek Kumar, Narendar Kolimi , Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Performance Evaluation and Process Optimization for Production of Ready-to-Eat Therapeutic Food Paste in Pilot Scale Unit

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Rakesh Kumar Raigar, Danie Shajie A won the Appreciation award for research work of Performance Evaluation and Process Optimization for Production of Ready-to-Eat Therapeutic Food Paste in Pilot Scale Unit. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. H N Mishra.

Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children below five years of age in India, where 8.1 million children are estimated to suffer from SAM. To combat this stumbling block, an indigenously developed readyto-eat therapeutic food (RTE-TF) is the need of the hour, catering the prerequisite of energy dense and nutrient rich ready-to-eat product containing defined calorie and essential nutrients which would be storage compatible, culturally acceptable; easy to administer; control and deliver at low cost for SAM children. A GMP/GHP compliance PLC controlled pilot scale unit has been commissioned in the Agricultural and Food Engineering Department at IIT Kharagpur aligning with the Make in India vision in treating SAM at community level with financial support from Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi for the production of RTE-TF.

 Five RTE-TF formulations were developed using locally produced raw material and fortified with micronutrients. A peanut based formulation was processed for the performance evaluation and optimization of major equipment installed in the pilot scale unit. The material and system parameters for primary processing (batch operations) like roasting, deskinning, grinding etc. and PLC based continuous processing (viz. grinding, mixing & homogenizing) were optimized along with the standardization of PLC based clean-in-place (CIP) sanitization system. Physico-chemical, safety and nutritional characterization of the RTE-TF produced in the pilot scale unit was done and complied as per the norms defined by World Health Organization for SAM. The pilot scale process will reinforce the liability for sustainable production of RTE-TF paste which would aid in management of SAM in children in our country.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Rakesh Kumar Raigar, Danie Shajie A, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

A Non-contact Optical Device for Online Multiplexed Monitoring of Diseases of Military Importance in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings

Students of S.N.Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Probir Kumar Sarkar, Aniruddha Adhikari, Animesh Halder, Soumendra Singh won the award for developing a prototype of A Non-contact Optical Device for Online Multiplexed Monitoring of Diseases of Military Importance in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof (Dr). Samir Kumar Pal .

Jaundice, Anaemia and Hypoxia, the three intimately interrelated health problems in military services particularly in fragile and conflict-affected settings take care of significant preventable casualties. These trio also proved to be the major cause for neonatal and maternal mortality in developing world. On the other hand, conventional gold-standard detection strategy through invasive blood sampling has several drawbacks for neonates and is redundant in fragile and conflict-affected settings. Thus a low cost and robust strategy for diagnosis of these diseases in all adverse conditions is of outmost importance to countries like India where huge number of military personnel are deployed in adverse geographical conditions along the border area and where under-5 mortality rate is alarmingly high. We, developed prototype of a noninvasive, non-contact, affordable, easy-to-use, point-of-care reflectance spectroscopy based device for measuring all three parameters at one go based on the spectral signature of bilirubin, hemoglobin and oxygen saturation from the vascular bed lying under conjunctiva (white portion) of eye. As conjunctiva is white independent of race, age or skin color, the device is useful to all. The indigenously developed software makes the device compatible to e-healthcare with possibility of online monitoring through cloud computing. Thus, this strategy will be extremely helpful in critical/low resource conditions like battle field and high altitude border regions for regular routine health check-up of army people who always devoted their life to protect the nation. The innovative noncontact, low-cost technique is expected to have importance in monitoring jaundice, anemia and hypoxia in developing / underdeveloped countries, where the inexpensive diagnosis with non-experts manpower is obligatory.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Probir Kumar Sarkar, Aniruddha Adhikari, Animesh Halder, Soumendra Singh, S.N.Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

3D bioprinted skin scar model for drug and cosmetic testing

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Shikha Chawla, Aarushi Sharma won the award for research work of 3D bioprinted skin scar model for drug and cosmetic testing. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Sourabh Ghosh.

Current anti-scar cosmetic products or medicines are not effective enough due to poor understanding of scar pathogenesis. Results of pre-clinical trials on animals do not always extrapolated to humans . Moreover, pharmaceutical companies are facing a major jolt due to European Union ban on animal testing of finished cosmetic products/ingredients (European Union Council Directive 76/768/EEC).

International Cooperation on Cosmetics Regulation is strongly encouraging development of alternatives for drug testing on animals due to ethical concern, to reduce or eliminate the use of animal models. Hence, there is an urgent need for a human cell-based in vitro engineered tissue models to screen drugs/cosmetics for the prevention of scar. Since past 50 years, many international researchers/industries tried to develop tissue engineered skin for transplantation. But tissue engineered skin received limited success in human clinical trials. Uniqueness of our approach is to develop a relatively simpler, human cellbased in vitro tissue engineered skin model that could 1) be used for rapid screening of anti-scar drugs/cosmetics and 2) help to extend our understanding of the cellular signaling pathways. Our model could recapitulate several hallmarks of scar tissue: (1) fibroblasts to myofibroblasts transition and expression of α -SMA; 2) contraction; 3) excessive collagen and reduced elastin secretion; 4) fibrotic ECM protein expression (SPARC and Tenascin); 5) low MMP secretion and 6) involvement of TGF-β/SMAD and Wnt/β-catenin pathways. To the best of our knowledge, no such in vitro models have been reported, hence it is getting major attention of national/international level news media and pharmaceutical companies.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Shikha Chawla, Aarushi Sharma, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Origgon – A Social Search Engine

Student of Don Bosco High School, Assam, Abhik Saha won the award for developing a search engine Origgon – A Social Search Engine.

Origgon.com is world’s first of its kind social search engine made by 15 year old boy, Abhik Saha. Origgon is a unique innovation to save people from the trouble of finding spam and irrelevant results in their search process. Origgon is a baby step towards our honourable Prime Minister’s vision of “Make in India”.

It gives users the opportunity to find optimal search results based on reviews and recommendations by people. In the space where AI has evolved so far, it’s still not accurate to meet our needs. Every people have their own personalised space and needs set. The job of social search is to full fill that need for every individual, the need might be fulfilled based on more personalised set from one’s social media data, one’s friends circle and all other social stuffs. Origgon, a social search engine where search results will not be based on SEO but by votes of people all over the world. We people are sharing lot of valuable content in the web, let that be picture or text or a emoji or a news article or a meme anything. We share because we believe the content is worth it or at-least for yourself it is important. Taking those recommendation, those likes, those little things the billion people shares every day, to personalise and recommend the results. Link: www.origgon.com

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Abhik Saha, Don Bosco High School, Assam at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Road Accident Detection using Perceptual Attributes of Video

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Dr. Sinnu Susan Thomas won the award for research work of Road Accident Detection using Perceptual Attributes of Video. She carried her project work under guidance of Prof. Sumana Gupta and Prof. K S Venkatesh.

According to Annual Global Road Crash Statistics, nearly 1.3 million people die in road crashes every year, on average 3,287 deaths a day. Road accident detection and vehicle behavior analysis is of great interest to the research community in intelligent transportation systems. Surveillance cameras are ubiquitous on the roads and capture videos round the clock. The enormous data collected by cameras may be time consuming and laborious to scrutinize the occurrence of an accident scenario present in the videos. There is a need to reduce the redundant nature of video so that its contents become succinct using video summarization techniques. The project presents perceptual video summarization techniques to enrich the speed of visualizing the accident content from a stack of videos. The problem of vehicle analysis is formulated as an optimization problem. The results establish the versatility of the proposed summarization model.

This model is formulated using cost function based on the change in the appearance of perceptual features such as motion, color, shape, and size. A selective minimization of the cost function leads to an appropriate video summarization of the event. The experiments were conducted for different types of collision such as head-on collision, rearend collision, single-vehicle collision and intersection collision and summarized the events prior, during, and subsequent to the accidents. The reduction ratio achieved is small and true positive detection is higher compared to the conventional methods. The model used for this project can be used for various surveillance purposes

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Dr. Sinnu Susan Thomas, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Window Solar Cooker

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Avinash Prabhune won the award for research work of  Window Solar Cooker. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. B K Chakravarthy.

The LPG price hikes every month triggered the thought on Solar Energy which could be a clean and abundant source of energy. There are many types of solar cookers available in the market, but they are not that efficient. Each one has its own pros and cons. In a rapidly urbanizing India, the user segment this product is targeted towards are the people who live in high rise buildings because they don’t have space to use solar cooker and the old solar cookers fail to match their fast-paced life style. For using present type of solar cookers, the users need to have open space where they will get continuous sun light and the users need to track the sun all day.

All these usability issues are the reason why urban users are not willing to consider this as an alternative to conventional cooking methods. This new kind of solar Oven will be mountable in the window or wall like a window AC, while facing towards south where sun is available all year round. Thus the accessibility becomes very easy from inside the house itself and the users need not go out. The cylindrical form provides uniform sunlight all day long. The ‘Dabba’ perception about the box-type of solar cooker has been broken by this new design. The efficiency has been improved and the time taken for cooking is drastically reduced, as compared to any other kind of solar cooker.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Avinash Prabhune, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Magnetic tool for nano finishing the holes, vertical and horizontal surfaces

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Girish Chandra Verma won the award for research work of  Magnetic tool for nano finishing the holes, vertical and horizontal surfaces. He carried his project work under guidance of Prof. Pulak Mohan Pandey.

The developed tool is based on MAF principle for polishing holes, blind holes, grooves and vertical surfaces. The tool developed in the present work consists of five main components, which are two cylindrical magnets (having magnetic flux density of 0.452 T), a mild steel piece, a copper casing, and an upper head made of mild steel. In the developed tool the magnets were arranged in such a way that, similar pole of both the magnets faces each other. Due to this the magnetic lines of force from both the magnets get directed to radial direction. Using this concept of similar pole facing each other; a high magnetic flux density 0.8 T is achieved around the circumferential area of mild steel piece. The developed tool also produces variable magnetic flux density so that material of different hardness can be finished. For obtaining a variable magnetic flux density, the gap between the upper magnet and ferromagnetic piece is altered with the help of nut and bolt arrangement provided on the upper piece of copper casing and upper head. The size of the developed tool can also be modified by using different sizes of magnets and casing, which can be used to finish hole of different sizes. Experimentation on SS304 stainless steel pipe (with initial surface roughness of 541nm) at an optimized condition resulted in a surface finish of 56 nm. The obtained SEM (scanning electron microscopy) images of finished and unfinished surface have showed that all the scratch marks were removed and finished surface was obtained.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Girish Chandra Verma, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Feasibility Study of Wireless Power Transfer Using Metamaterial

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Amit Kumar Baghel, Shashank Satish Kulkarni won the award for research work of Feasibility Study of Wireless Power Transfer Using Metamaterial. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Sisir Kumar Nayak, D. Senthil Kumar.

Wireless power transfer (WPT) is the method to transfer power from the source to load without cables or wires started way back in 1903 by Dr. Nicolas Tesla. Nowadays this technique is being used in many applications such as biomedical transplants, UAVs, mobile chargers, electric vehicle charging, antennas etc. But the major problem with the WPT is the decrease in the efficiency as the distance is increased. In near field, the strength of the field varies inversely as the square of distance and cube of distance for far field. One of the novel ways by which we can increase the intensity of field, thus power transfer is with the help of meta-material.

They are manually engineered with negative refractive index and help in beam focusing. It can act as a super-lens. My innovation is about increasing the efficiency of far-field WPT using metamaterial. The metamaterial pattern is made on the 1. 6 mm thick double-sided FR4 sheet (dielectric constant 0.02) having 0.017 mm thick copper plating on both side of the sheet. A total of 40 arrays having 8 unit cell in each is placed at an optimized distance from the aperture of the proposed horn antenna (Tx antenna). The electric field at the distance of 6 m is measured using the D-dot sensor. The receiver antenna is 2×2 patch antenna having RF to DC conversion schottky diode and matching circuit. To charge the batteries of the cellphone (2900 mAh, 3.8 V), the zener diode with RC filter is placed after the matching circuit. An increase in twice the electric field , thus the received power is seen with the proposed antenna and meta-material.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Amit Kumar Baghel, Shashank Satish Kulkarni, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

A Novel low cost Polyvinyl alcohol-Nafion-Borosilicate membrane separator for microbial fuel cell treating distillery wastewater

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Khragpur, Bikash Ranjan Tiwari, Md. Tabish Noori won the award for research work of A Novel low cost Polyvinyl alcohol-Nafion-Borosilicate membrane separator for microbial fuel cell treating distillery wastewater. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. Makarand Madhao Ghangrekar.

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) are bioelectrochmical systems which convert the organic matter present in the wastewater to electricity with the aid of biocatalytic acitvity of a specific group of microorganism i.e. electrogens. MFCs presents a promising solution to both waste removal as well energy generation simultaneously. The high manufacturing cost of MFC is a major hurdle in the path of field scale application. The membrane cost ($1600/m2) alone accounts for around 35% of total MFC capital cost.Hence, development of low cost membranes can ease the path for real world application of MFCs. In the present study, a composite membrane was developed from borosilicate glass incorporated with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-Nafion matrix. While utilizing acetate based synthetic wastewater, MFC with PVA-Nafion-Borosilicate membrane exhibited maximum power density of 6.8 Wm-3 and it was comparable with MFC using commercially available Nafion 117 (7.1 Wm-3) membrane separator. Moreover, the method of preparation is simple and cost of the novel membrane is 11- folds lower than commercially available Nafion 117. The study was further extended by utilizing the MFC with the newly developed membrane for distillery wastewater treatment. effluent generated from distilleries are characterized by their high COD and BOD content and acidic pH which can cause serious environmental problems if not properly treated. The MFC was capable of efficiently degrading organic matter present in distillery wastewater in the range of 54.5 – 64.25% along with generating a maximum power density of 4.3 Wm-3. This study demonstrates a novel, low cost, easily synthesizable membrane which was successfully used for treatment of distillery wastewater treatment in MFCs.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Bikash Ranjan Tiwari, Md. Tabish Noori, Indian Institute of Technology Khragpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

An Alternative Technology to Produce Biomass-Based Food Grade Flavors, Fuels and Value Added Chemicals

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Shelaka Gupta, Md. lmteyaz Alam, Tuhin S. Khan, Ejaz Ahmad, Fatima Jalid won the award for research work of An Alternative Technology to Produce Biomass-Based Food Grade Flavors, Fuels and Value Added Chemicals. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. M. Ali Haider.

State-of-the-art technologies applied today to convert biomass into high value fuels and chemicals are based on multi-step catalytic transformation steps, which are difficult to commercialize. Here, as an alternative, a technology (TNEW) based on integrated bio and chemo-catalytic reactions is developed, to carry out the desired conversion of biomass in fewer steps, giving higher product yield. In TNEW, 6- amyl-alpha-pyrone (6PP) is identified as a potential biomass-derived platform chemical. 6PP is produced from the fermentation of waste biomass using Trichoderma species and catalytically converted into 2-nonene-4-one, hydric alcohol, δ-decalactone (DDL) etc., under relatively mild processing conditions. While DDL and 2-nonene-4-one showed direct applications as food flavor and aroma, other products may be used as precursors for polymers, pharmaceuticals and hydrocarbon fuels. Three Indian patent applications related to the commercial development have been filed. Socially, the simplistic nature of our technology is expected to have a wider impact on rural economy and environment. For example, at present large volume of waste lignocellulosic biomass is burnt in the national capital region of India, creating air pollution at alarming levels. Farmers burning such valuable biomass may choose to utilize TNEW and ferment the waste biomass directly to produce 6PP which can be subsequently converted to produce high value chemicals. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time in our country a novel biomass-derived platform chemical is introduced which is different from the top-12 chemicals proposed by the US Department of Energy. This will add into the portfolio of a futuristic bio-refinery, providing a renewable and sustainable solution.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Shelaka Gupta, Md. lmteyaz Alam, Tuhin S. Khan, Ejaz Ahmad, Fatima Jalid, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

A multipurpose low cost biological air purifier

Students of Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Neeta Ganesh Wagle, Priti Prabhakar Yewale won the award for developing a prototype of  A multipurpose low cost biological air purifier. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Neelu Nawani.

In recent years, air pollution has become a major threat to survival of mankind. Looking at the current problem, biological air purifier would deliver a smart solution to circumvent the problem of indoor and outdoor air pollution caused due to motor vehicles, occupational exposure, cigarette smoke and industrial emissions in particular and will also focus on utility of the air purifier in reducing exposure of public to air pollutants. The team has designed and fabricated a prototype of biological air purifier- “Biosmotrap” comprising of compact carriage assembly with replaceable adsorbent packed in biodegradable pouches or wrappers by means of support meshes and clamping structures and further attached to vents, exhaust or any outlet from where gases are released in any process. The microbial biomass and/or natural bio-materials were employed in the form of solid porous material as an adsorbent. The adsorbent is configured to adsorb air pollutants like smoke, aerosols, particulate matter, flue gases, soot or other air pollutants. The shelf life of adsorbent depends on the concentration of air pollutants from the source point. It reduces the levels of organic as well as inorganic pollutants from the air. The onetime cost of carriage assembly is incurred with each biological air purifier. It can be reused for longer duration until it breaks or needs repair. Also, with the use of recyclable adsorbent material the cost per air purifier is lowered by making it affordable to everyone. This lowers the overall cost of maintenance when compared to conventional air purification technologies and increases its utility by encouraging public at large to use such devices. The fabricated prototype is easy to operate, cost-effective, recyclable and environmental friendly.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Neeta Ganesh Wagle, Priti Prabhakar Yewale, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Roll Pure – Rolling Water Purifier

Students of Indian Institute of Technology, Madras ,Ramesh Kumar, Swathy Ravindran won the award for developing a prototype of Roll Pure – Rolling Water Purifier. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. Thalappil Pradeep.

In rural India, people, mostly women and kids, still carry water on their head or shoulder from available local water bodies, sometimes even carrying non-potable water. According to a survey carried out in 2012 by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), about 54% of women from rural areas travel between 200 meters to 5 kilometers, average 20 minutes a day and additional 15 minutes to fetch water, amounting to 27 days of wages per annum for an individual. According to NSSO statistics, less than 10% of rural Indian household has the facility to treat water at home before its end use. This whole process results in physical fatigue of women and waterborne diseases such as diarrhea, anemia and child mortality hence many resulting postaffects. Roll Pure – Rolling water purifier provides solution for the overhead transportation of nonpotable. A user (women) can fill 40 liters of raw water from any water source (i.e. river, canal, pond, municipal hand-pump or tap etc.) and roll it to home, with minimum time required for transportation without any physical fatigue. To make fed water potable, a 1) hand-operable pump and 2) modular geo-genic contaminant specific cartridge is used. Modular geo-genic contaminant specific cartridge has 1) biocidal material, 1000 times biocidal then silver nanoparticles to kill bacterial and viral contaminants and 2) nano-composite material to remove soluble chemical contaminants. To get chemical and biological contaminant-free water with high output flow rate, a pressure differential is generated using bellow pump. Roll Pure can provide chemical and biological contaminant free water to India’s rural BoP with minimal transportation effort and without any power.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Ramesh Kumar, Swathy Ravindran, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Point of Care Nano Diagnostic Kit for Brucellosis

Students of Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Rohit Shivaji Pawar, Swati Suhas Vyas won the award for developing a prototype of Point of Care Nano Diagnostic Kit for Brucellosis. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Vandana B. Patravale.

Brucellosis, a neglected global zoonotic infectious disease is transmitted to humans through consumption of unpasteurized dairy products and direct contact with afflicted animals. Presence of bacteria such as Brucella spp. in dairy products is an immense risk to public health. The innovation herein describes the development of immunochromatographic diagnostic kit (ICDT) based on fluorescence silica nanosensors that serves as a promising nanodiagnostic approach for detection of intact Brucella antibodies in nonserological samples eliminating painful blood collection procedures. Point of care immunoassays are rapid as they can quickly screen various samples in relatively shorter duration, are sensitive, specific, offer great advantage in accurate and fast diagnosis of infectious diseases. We have fabricated a point of care rapid diagnostic assay that employs fluorescent, micellar silica nanosensors conjugated with lipopolysaccharides (Indian patent application 3183/MUM/2013) capable of specifically detecting Brucella IgG antibodies in non-serological samples of afflicted animal (milk, urine, saliva) and human samples (urine, saliva).

 

The developed kit holds its industrial application in agricultural , biotechnological and pharmaceutical arena. We have successfully fabricated and evaluated the aforementioned kit. The developed ICDT provides a rapid, reliable, point-of-care, accurate and reproducible results in accordance with PCR and ELISA results with high sensitivity and specificity.Additionally, well defined antigenic components and surface biomarkers of various disease causing microbes can be broadly incorporated within the purview of this technology for accurate and rapid detection of suspected bovine pathological conditions, and can largely enable rapid field testing that can be implemented in farms and food Industry. Since the developed technology is novel, cost effective yet scalable; it fits “Make In India” initiative to foster innovation, enhance skill development, create intellectual property and generate revenue.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to  Rohit Shivaji Pawar, Swati Suhas Vyas, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Design and development of Phase Change Material (PCM) based Milking cum Cooling Pail

Student of National Dairy Research Institute, Bangalore, Ravi Prakash won the award for developing a prototype of Design and development of Phase Change Material (PCM) based Milking cum Cooling Pail. He carried his project work under guidance of Dr. Menon Rekha Ravindra and Dr. M. Manjunatha.

It is imperative to immediately cool milk from its drawing temperature (37 °C) to below the critical temperature (10 °C) in order to preserve the safety and quality of milk and its derived products. 

In developed and large-scale commercial dairy enterprise, this critical step in post-production processing of milk is achieved by integrating the milking machine with chilling unit accessorised with suitable piping and storage tanks. However, in a country like India where most of the dairy farmers belong to a class of millions of scattered small scale producers (0.5 – 10 L per head), such sophistications are neither pragmatic nor economical at the field level. This project aims at developing a system/device that could instantly cool small volumes of milk at the on-farm level preferably simultaneous to the milking to minimize the time gap between milk production and milk cooling below critical limit, even if the farmer has only one animal. 

Considering the gap between demand and supply of electricity in rural areas, the suitable nanofluid based phase change material with enhanced cooling energy storage capacity was primarily designed, evaluated and to be filled into the double jacketed space of an insulated milking cum cooling pail accessorised with a charger (a hermetically sealed well-matched refrigeration unit). The operation, handling and maintenance of the pail is farmer-friendly, sealed and resembles as daily used milking pail. This technology is envisaged to have very high socioeconomic utility; by helping millions of small scale milk producers/dairy farmers in developing countries like India in maintaining quality of milk and milk products, and contributing to the overall economy of the country.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Ravi Prakash, National Dairy Research Institute, Bangalore at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Batteryless IoT Sensing Node

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Anandarup Mukherjee, Arijit Roy, Sanku Kumar Roy won the award for developing a prototype of Batteryless IoT Sensing Node. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. Sudip Misra.

Being a primarily agrarian nation, India still has a large chunk of its population earning their livelihood through agriculture or its associated practices. However, the recent climatic changes are disrupting the time-tested and age-old agricultural practices, which were mainly intuition based or seasonal.

Despite the availability of scientific means of agricultural practices in India, they are not practiced at their full potential due to prohibitive initial costs or high maintenance costs. In our proposed innovation, we specifically are focusing on sensor nodes which are used for monitoring the agricultural field parameters. We have developed a battery-less sensor node which is designed to be placed in the field, without any chance of getting their power supplies replenished. We believe that reducing certain essential components in a sensor-based system, such as the battery, the net cost of each sensor nodes comes down, which in turn makes it more affordable to the masses. As purchasing the almost maintenance-free sensor node is a one-time investment for the farmer, the benefits of the purchase in terms of increased water savings, higher yield, and power savings, far outweigh the initial costs. The only recurring cost to be borne by the farmers is the basic cellular data connectivity for the mobile charger and aggregator node, and minimal subscription charges for using the server-based analytics. Additionally, this approach not only increases the functional lifetime of sensor nodes beyond the typical 1-2 years mark but also makes it much cheaper in the long run. Being a pick-and-place solution, it can be easily operated and handled by people with no prior technical know-how, especially in the rural areas. Link: https://youtu.be/1IMcryb-cfY

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Anandarup Mukherjee, Arijit Roy, Sanku Kumar Roy, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpurat the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Nano based soil conditioner for agricultural application

Students of  Tezpur University, Assam , Pallabi Das, Kasturi Sarmah won the award for research work of Nano based soil conditioner for agricultural application. They carried their research work under guidance of Dr. Sanjay Pratihar and  Dr. Satya Sundar Bhattacharya.

Available forms of iron, copper, and manganese in soil are scarce especially in arid regions where the soil pH varies from neutral to alkaline range, leading to acute deficiency of these micro-nutrients. Crop production in such soils is severely hindered. Iron salts such as ferrous sulphate has routinely been used to treat Fe deficient soil that greatly affects phosphorous availability and results in soil acidification in the long run. We developed easy, novel, and large-scale synthetic routes (1.5 Kg to 15 Kg in a single batch) to manufacture iron(oxalate) capped metal oxide [Fe(ox)-Fe3O4 (OCIO), Fe(ox)Fe-MnOx (OCIMn), and Fe(ox)Fe-CuOx (OCICu)] nanomaterials that are wonderful soil conditioners for increasing micro-nutrient availability to plants with least toxicity (Patent application no. 201631010727).

 Their Moderate (10 ppm) exposure improved seed germination and they were harmless to beneficial soil bacteria. We also recorded negligible oxidative stress in plants up to 50 ppm exposure levels of the nanomaterials. OCIO, OCICu, and OCIMn balance the soil pH; sustain Fe, Cu, and Mn availability without increasing soil acidity thereby promoting release of NPK through benefitting soil microbial health. These nanomaterials corrected micronutrient deficiency in soil and significantly augmented tomato production in farmer’s field by upregulation of vital genes responsible for root growth, photosynthesis, and N-assimilation (RSL4, MATE8, Ferredoxin, GS2, GOGAT, and NR). The crop yield was 2.3-3.4 folds greater in OCIO with 10 folds lower dose (2 kg/ha) than Fe-EDTA and FeSO4 (20 kg/ha). Moreover, the quality and storage longevity of the produce was remarkably superior in plants treated with the synthesized materials than conventionally used micronutrient salts (FeSO4, MnSO4, and CuSO4).

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Pallabi Das, Kasturi Sarmah,  Tezpur University, Assam at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Ekdeep Singh Lubana

SNAP – A RAW images’ based setup that can calculate nutrient concentration in leaves

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Ekdeep Singh Lubana won the award for developing a prototype of  SNAP – A RAW images’ based setup that can calculate nutrient concentration in leaves. He carried his project work under guidance of Prof. Dr. Maryam Shojaei Baghini.

Since long, efforts have been made for determining the concentration of nutrients in soil, which, thereafter, help in the calculation of required fertilizer content. However, the conventional methods incorporating chemical methodologies for soil testing have humongous limitations – finite number of samples can be tested in a given period of time (around 1000 samples per month); the amount of time required for the analysis can render the analysis obsolete; and, many-a-times, the analysis never reaches the farmer. All these issues put a stigma in a farmer’s mind, because of which he refrains from getting a soil analysis and uses a heuristic approach of 50kgs of fertilizer per hectare.

 

Such a methodology leads to acidification of soil, hampering the possible yield for the farmer. Due to over-fertilization, India faces an average ratio of 24:1 for N:P, whilst the ideal ratio is 4:1. Hence, our team has come up with SNAP, a handheld, patented device based on the principles of “Multispectral-Imaging” to capture images of a leaf at specific wavelengths, which have been optimally scrutinized and calculated for the specific purpose of determination of nitrogen concentration in a leaf. In a controlled environment (a minimal reflection apparatus with precisely-located illumination sources for constant geometry), modified GIS-based spectral parameters are correlated with leaf-nutrient content. We have expanded to further magnesium and potassium, and are currently concentrating on expansion to 6 more vital nutrients. SNAP helps tackle the aforementioned delay in the chemical analysis solution – all the while maintaining high levels of accuracy – by delivering a cost-effective, affordable technology that the farmer can use himself – hence making the farmer self-reliant.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Ekdeep Singh Lubana, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

NanoSpermviricide Gel : A Dual Acting Aid for Prevention of Unintended Pregnancy and Unprotected Sexual Intercourse Associated HIV

Students of Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai , Amit Girishkumar Mirani, Prashant Girish Upadhaya won the award for research project of NanoSpermviricide Gel : A Dual Acting Aid for Prevention of Unintended Pregnancy and Unprotected Sexual Intercourse Associated HIV. They carried their research work under guidance of Dr. Vandana B Patravale.

Prevention of HIV infection and unintended pregnancy has become a worldwide priority to reduce the health burden in women. Currently, various physical and chemical barriers are available in the market to serve this purpose individually, however, none of the simultaneous intervention approaches exists in the market with very few under clinical investigation. We propose novel “NanoSpermViricide Gel” for simultaneous prevention of HIV-1 infection and unintended pregnancy. NanoSpermViricide Gel is a combination of HIV-1 inhibitor (Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) with non-hormonal contraceptive (Quercetin) loaded in o/w microemulsion. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) curbs nucleotide reverse transcriptase enzyme while Quercetin downregulates p24 antigen production and HIV-1 entry inhibition. Additionally, Quercetin exerts both systemic and local contraceptive activity by decreasing the Ca+2 ATPase. The TDF and Quercetin was loaded in o/w microemulsion and was gelled using optimized concentration of Carbopol (1% w/w) to form a NanoSpermViricide gel with globule size in the range of 20-50nm. The developed gel exhibited slow release profile (Coitus independent behaviour), thereby improving the consumer compliance. The in vitro anti-HIV activity assessed using β-galactosidase assay indicated 6times increase in anti-HIV activity of TDF + Quercetin loaded o/w microemulsion (IC50 0.0052µM) as compared to Quercetin loaded o/w microemulsion (IC50 0.030 µM). Similarly, the in vitro spermicidal activity revealed that the 100x dilution of combination TDF + Quercetin o/w microemulsion based gel exhibited 10 times increase in inhibition of sperm motility as compared to conventional quercetin and combination gel formulation. The results ensure the enhanced efficacy by dual mechanism of action of developed NanoSpermViricide Gel to cater to the increasing social burden instigated due to HIV infection and unintended pregnancies, especially in developing nations.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Amit Girishkumar Mirani, Prashant Girish Upadhaya, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Super-Resolution Ultrasonic Imaging (SUI)

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Kiran Kumar Amireddy won the award for the research project Super-Resolution Ultrasonic Imaging (SUI). He carried his research work under guidance of Dr. Krishnan Balasubramaniam and Dr. Prabhu Rajagopal.

Ultrasonic Imaging (UI) is widely used for characterization of materials in industry and biomedical applications because it is affordable and does not have risk of radiation. However conventional UI systems suffer from poor resolution in the range of millimeters, due to the Rayleigh limit to half the operating wavelength. Electromagnetic (EM) methods such as X-ray computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) etc., can yield resolution ranging to micrometers or nanometers, but these are expensive and carry a risk of radiation. 

Due to the limitations of UI, EM-based methods are often the only solution, which in parts of the world, are beyond the reach of healthcare providers and industrial inspectors. Improving the resolution of UI systems will make it possible to complement or replace X-ray CT systems used in medical diagnostics and characterization of industrial components. The proposed project seeks to overcome the limitation of UI by addressing the classical diffraction limit in imaging using custom designed holey meta material lenses. Using the principle of Fabry-Perot resonance, this meta material amplifies the evanescent waves in the structure (being imaged) to the far field. The project demonstrated SUI applications to sub wavelength resolution, imaging down to a feature size of λ/25 and characterization of defects in components. The results have yielded some of the highest resolution capabilities achieved experimentally in the ultrasonic regime. This project also yielded a cost-effective method of making meta-lenses using plastic straw tubes sourced off-the shelf.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Kiran Kumar Amireddy, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

A Low-Cost Disposable Microfluidic Biochip for malaria diagnosis

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Brince Paul K, Asisa Kumar Panigrahi  won the award for developing a prototype of  A Low-Cost Disposable Microfluidic Biochip for malaria diagnosis. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. Shiv Govind Singh.

Malaria is one of the leading life threatening infectious disease in underdeveloped and developing countries. According to the latest report (2016) from world health organization (WHO), there were 212 million cases of malaria and an estimated 429, 000 malaria deaths. Malaria is caused by protozoan of the genus Plasmodium spread by female Anopheles species mosquitoes. Among these, Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) is the most severe form of malaria and interest is focused on the detection of Plasmodium-specific proteins. One of these, falciparum histidinerich protein II (HRP II) based assays shows the better sensitivity and specificity compared to those of other proteins for the detection of P. falciparum. At present, there are several clinical methods to diagnosis malaria by detecting histidinerich protein II. However, these techniques are time consuming, expensive, and require a trained technician. In the view of the above, the development of a simple, cheap, and fully integrated point-of-care biochip is extremely required for early detection of malarial parasites and prevention of malarial epidemic. Here, we present the realization of a portable, flexible, and low cost biochip for quantitative malaria diagnostic testing at the point-of-care. The biochip incorporates a sensing platform integrated with a three-electrode system and microfluidics fabricated via low cost printing and tune transfer method. The sensing electrode consists of malarial specific antibody conjugated nanofibers. Upon recognizing the presence of even a trace of malaria’s biomarkers in blood serum, the device registered a signal. It will be useful in rural areas where diagnostic facilities are not available readily. This fully integrated biochip offers a promising cost-effective approach for detection of several other infectious disease biomarkers for point-of- care diagnostics.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Brince Paul K, Asisa Kumar Panigrahi, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

A Novel Strategy to Block Malaria Transmission

Students of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Divya Beri, Shweta Chaubey, Aparna Sudhakar won the award for the research project Understanding the Design Principles of Protein Nanosensor to Combat Multidrug Resistant Enterobacteriaceae. They carried their research work under guidance of Prof. Utpal Tatu.

Malaria is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in India. Malaria parasites have a complex life cycle with two forms in the human host; asexual forms that cause the clinical manifestations and sexual forms (gametocytes) which are transmissible forms of the parasite leading to its spread from a diseased host to a healthy host via the vector. Most drugs that are administered target only asexual forms and are in fact, reported to enhance the number of gametocytes; thus, creating a silent reservoir of parasites which potentiates further transmission. Recent reports have suggested an upsurge of asymptomatic malaria which does not manifest in clinical illness but represents individuals that can sustain transmission. Due to very low number of transmissible gametocytes found in clinical cases/asymptomatic malaria, incapability of malaria rapid detection kits (RDT) to differentiate between asexual and sexual stages and induction of clinical gametocytes with most front-line antimalarial drugs, control and elimination of malaria are nearly impossible. Given the essentiality of this stage for parasite survival and propagation, our group demonstrated that redox stress created by the parasite’s own growth is responsible for the commitment to gametocytes (Chaubey et al, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2014).

Our study, for the first time, shows a physiological metabolite homocysteine linked to gametocytogenesis in in vitro cultures as well as in the mouse model of cerebral malaria (Beri et al, Nature Scientific Reports. 2017). We propose the application of this finding to develop transmission blocking molecules. Molecules targeting homocysteine may prove as attractive therapeutic interventions in blocking commitment to sexual stages. Its administration, along with currently marketed drugs against asexual stages, will ensure complete abrogation of the parasite.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Divya Beri, Shweta Chaubey, Aparna Sudhakar, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Smartphone-based impedimetric disposable biosensor for detection of cardiac biomarkers

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Debasmita Mondal, Sourabh Agrawal won the award for developing a prototype of Smartphone-based impedimetric disposable biosensor for detection of cardiac biomarkers. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Soumyo Mukherji.

A smartphone-enabled disposable, label-free, impedimetric biosensor to detect two common cardiac biomarkers, Myoglobin (Myo) and Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is developed. The device consists of a sensor and a module for interfacing with smartphone. The sensor, fabricated on Whatman filter paper, is coated with a conducting polymer, polyaniline (PAni) and immobilized with antibodies specific to each biomarker protein. Non-specific active regions of the sensor are blocked by treatment with bovine serum albumin. Electrodes for AC impedance measurement are deposited using conductive silver paste. Binding of target protein to specific antibody affects the dielectric constant between the electrodes, thus changing the impedance. Myo and MPO in buffer solution are detected from 100 ng/mL – 50 μg/mL within 100 Hz – 1 kHz. Detection limit obtained for these biomarkers spiked in human serum is 500 ng/mL. The developed biosensor uses inexpensive materials and fabrication techniques, detects cardiac biomarkers in clinically relevant concentrations rapidly (~20 minutes), can be disposed in an environment friendly manner, thus making the sensor suitable for diagnostic applications. To make a handheld, portable point-of-care device, a plug and play module for smartphone is developed providing a cost and space effective solution. Prepared module acts as a peripheral to the phone and can be carried in pocket along with headphone. A lowpower and low-cost potentiostat is designed in the peripheral which connects to the audio jack and gets power from the USB port of smartphone. Frequency range of the peripheral is limited to audio range (10 Hz – 10 kHz). Maximum duration each frequency signal can be generated is 5 Seconds. Onetime buying price of a single unit at research level is ~INR 1500 along with a minimal price for cartridge i.e., the sensor.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Debasmita Mondal, Sourabh Agrawal, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Design of Low Cost Infrared Vein Detector

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Trivikram Annamalai won the award for the research project Design of Low Cost Infrared Vein Detector. He carried his project work under guidance of Prof. Purba Joshi and Prof. B. K. Chakravarthy.

Vein Detector Device

A study states that for 16 out of every 100 patients it is difficult to spot veins and they have to undergo multiple vein punctures to find the correct vein -This problem is even more profound in cases of children, dark skinned, obese and elderly people which is painful and leads to rashes/marks on patient’s skin. The current products in market which address this issue are extremely expensive, not hygienic, complex to use and bulky. The proposed solution tries to solve the above mentioned issues- while also being ergonomic and aesthetically designed. The device works based on NIR spectroscopy, where infrared waves are absorbed differently by oxygenated and de-oxygenated blood in the veins there by appearing darker – this helps the doctors and nurses to locate the veins easily and conduct one successful veni puncture instead of multiple painful ones. The designed device would bring affordable healthcare to the bottom of the pyramid and immensely benefit small clinics and hospitals, blood banks, blood test labs, etc. In delivering effective medical treatment.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Trivikram Annamalai, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Decellularized Corneal Matrix (DCM) Based Injectable Hydrogel For Strengthening Cornea Matrix In Severe Corneal Keratoconus

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Shibu Chameettachal, Dr. M S Sridhar won the award for the research project Decellularized Corneal Matrix (DCM) Based Injectable Hydrogel For Strengthening Cornea Matrix In Severe Corneal Keratoconus. They carried their research work under guidance of Dr. Falguni Pati.

Keratoconus (KC) has been classically described as a non-inflammatory pathology, characterized by a conical shape of the cornea, as a result of thinning and protrusion and finally blindness. The etiopathogenesis is still under research and it may be the final manifestation of diverse pathologic processes. Keratoconus (KC)is considered the most common ectatic disorders of the cornea associated with corneal biomechanical instability. The existing treatment procedures are either risky or complicated surgical interventions. We propose an extracellular matrix based tissue engineering approach as an alternative treatment strategy by thickening the stromal area using a novel injectable decellularized caprine cornea matrix (DCM) hydrogel that would integrate with the existing thin stroma. Upon longer time period the filled area becomes transparent via remodelling with the cues from microenvironment. We envision that this technique has a huge potential to replace current treatment strategies those are complex surgical procedures like ICRS, DALK , PK, Bowmans layer transplantation and collagen UV crosslinking treatment which required highly skilled hands and make it risky and costly. We believe that this approach has the potential to change the clinical landscape by eliminating the current dependency on surgery and most importantly the success of this project will reduced the dependency for human cadaveric cornea for transplantation.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Shibu Chameettachal, Dr. M S Sridhar, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Miniaturized Fluorescence adapter for Fluorescence Sputum Smear Microscopy using bright-field microscope

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Vikas Pandey, Pooja Singh, Saurabh Singh won the award for developing a prototype of Miniaturized Fluorescence adapter for Fluorescence Sputum Smear Microscopy using bright-field microscope. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Ravikrishnan Elangovan.

TB infection is one of the major healthcare problems in India. The bright-field sputum smear microscopy (SSM) is the most common method used for TB diagnosis in India, however SSM has poor sensitivity. Consequently, only 64% of total TB infected patients are being diagnosed and treated. Every single undiagnosed TB patient infects at least 10-15 healthy individuals, keeping the vicious disease cycle going. WHO has recommended LED-Fluorescence Microscopy with higher sensitivity for TB diagnosis in high TB burden countries like India. The adoption of LED-FM has been slow mainly due to high cost (approximately~2lakhs INR after subsidy), additional infrastructure, training and maintenance of new fluorescence microscope.

India has approximately 14000 RNTCP centers (each caters approximately 100,000 people), but only 2500 centers has LED-fluorescence microscopes. This diagnostic infrastructure gap between the actual requirement and availability is a major bottleneck. At IIT Delhi, We have developed a unique fluorescence microscopy technology, cTIRF: compact Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence”. The cTIRF converts a simple brightfield microscope to fluorescence microscope without any hassle of tedious illumination mechanism, optical filters, and additional lens installation. This 3D-printed module is highly compact (~approx size of calculator), robust, cost effective and allows rapid (lesser than 2mins) TB diagnosis without additional infrastructure, cost and training. While the sputum sample processing, smear preparation and auramine-O staining remains same as recommended by WHO. The clinical validation of cTIRF is running at 2 hospital sites. This affordable technology is a cost-effective way of upgrading the existing microscopes for fluorescence TB diagnosis. In alignment of Govt. of India mission to eradicate TB by 2025, the cTIRF can be a scalable solution for easy and rapid deployment across India.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Vikas Pandey, Pooja Singh, Saurabh Singh, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Two week WIPO-INDIA Program

WIPO-INDIA Summer School on Intellectual Property( 2 to 13 July 2018)

WIPO Academy, the RGNIIPM Nagpur and the National Law University Nagpur, hosting WIPO-INDIA Summer School in Nagpur, India.  The Summer School program provides an opportunity to students and young professionals to acquire deeper knowledge of each domain of Intellectual property (IP) and role and functions of WIPO. The program consists of lectures, case studies, simulation exercises and group discussions etc.

Basic Information

Venue RGNIIPM & NLU Nagpur
Registration date 22 March  to  15 May 2018
Payment          date 21 May  to 15 June 2018
Training Course date 2  to 13 July 2018
Language English
Certificate WIPO, RGNIIPM & NLU
Course Administrator summerschool.india@wipo.int
Further details rgniipm.ipo@nic.in    9922453057 / 9422812261 / 9422809065

Eligibility: The Summer School is open to 50 Participants like,

  • Students(graduate and postgraduate) and
  • Young professionalsfrom any field of study or discipline.
  • All applicants are required to have successfully completed the Six week free WIPO distance learning General Course on Intellectual Property (DL101).

                  for course visit     https://welc.wipo.int/acc/index.jsf?page=courseCatalog.xhtml

Documents to be uploaded compulsorily:

  • Motivation letter for Summer School (reason for applying & what hope to gain from the Summer School) (Maximum 300 words)
  • Recent Curriculum Vitae/Resume
  • Identification documents such as passport or National ID
  • DL101 Course Certificate (distance learning 6 week free online WIPO course)

Registration Fees: Registration fees are payable upon notification of acceptance.

Ø  Students & young professionals from developing countries and countries in transition and residing in those countries:

(i) Students: US$ 100

(ii)Young professionals: US$ 200

Ø  Students and young professional from developed countries:

(i) Students: US$ 150

(ii) Young professionals: US$ 300

For further details and Online Registration for WIPO Summer school:-

rgniipm.ipo@nic.in  9922453057 / 9422812261 / 9422809065 / 0712-2542961 / 2542979 / 542969

http://www.wipo.int/academy/en/courses/summer_school/

https://welc.wipo.int/acc/index.jsf?page=wssCatalog.xhtml&lang=en

Understanding the design principles of protein nanosensor to combat multidrug resistant enterobacteriaceae

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Abhishek Narayan won the award for the research project Understanding the Design Principles of Protein Nanosensor to Combat Multidrug Resistant Enterobacteriaceae. He carried his research work under guidance of Dr. Athi Narayanan N.

Developing a treatment for common gastric disorders that affect humans is an active area of research. Enterobacteriaceae generally cause these disorders – the most recognizable among these is E. coli. While antibiotics are generally employed upon infection, a growing concern is the emergence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria – wherein they ‘acquire’ genes that can code for enzymes to break down the chemical antibiotics – will effectively reduce the impact of antibiotics and make the human population vulnerable. In this regard, it is necessary to understand how pathogenic genes are expressed in bacteria upon infection. As humans are warm-blooded, it has been proposed that the constant body temperature triggers the expression of toxic genes in bacteria. This raises questions on the molecular mechanism by which bacteria sense temperature. Natural candidates for sensory behavior in biological systems are proteins – small molecular machines (dimensions of ~10 Å) that could potentially change their conformation (i.e. the relative arrangement of atoms) upon temperature changes. To tackle these questions, we studied a putative thermo-sensory protein Cnu, through numerous biophysical techniques, theoretical modeling and simulations. In our work, we consistently show that Cnu senses small temperature changes through modulation of a particular part of helical structure that increasingly samples various conformations with increasing temperature. Our work clearly points out that upon infection and at the body temperature of 37 °C the structure of Cnu is partially melted that in turn eliminates binding to the partner protein and hence promotes toxic gene expression. To summarize, we explain the macroscopic bacterial infection phenomenon through specific changes in the interaction profiles at the microscopic molecular level, an area we believe that could potentially contribute to the development of new drugs to control bacterial infection.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (BIRAC – GYTI) Award to Abhishek Narayan, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Various Types of Steel

Although steel consists mostly of iron and carbon, the World Steel Association reports that more than 3,500 grades of steel are in existence, each featuring unique chemical, physical and environmental properties. The amount of carbon, additional alloying elements, and level of impurities contained determine the properties of each grade. Even though the most commonly used grades of steel contain between 0.1 and 0.25 percent carbon, some can have a carbon content of up to 1.5 percent. All grades of steel contain elements like manganese, phosphorus, and sulfur. While the last two are known to have deleterious effects on the strength and durability of steel, manganese has significant benefits.

 

Steel is produced in various forms, each featuring unique properties that may have been manipulated to fit specific applications. These properties are the basis of every grading system used to distinguish one form of steel from the other. According to AISI, steels can be grouped into the following categories depending on their chemical compositions or metal alloy contents:

 

• Carbon steels

• Alloy steels

• Tool steels

• Stainless steels

 

Carbon Steels

Carbon steels contain iron, carbon, and trace amounts of other alloying elements. Carbon is, however, the main alloying constituent of carbon steels, which account for approximately 90 percent of all steel productions. Because it has small enough atoms, carbon can travel through iron’s crystal lattice, filling the gaps between the metallic atoms and distorting the metal’s lattice slightly. As a result of this, the metal becomes much stronger and a lot more rigid. Carbon is the hardest element, which is why carbon steel products are also very hard. Varying the percentage of carbon produces steel with different qualities. However, higher carbon content often translates to stronger yet more brittle steel. Depending on the level of carbon contained, carbon steels can be classified into the following groups:

• Mild or low carbon steels that contain up to 0.32 percent carbon

• Medium carbon steels, containing 0.30-0.59 percent carbon

• High carbon steels, known to contain over 0.6-0.99 percent carbon

• Ultra-high carbon steels that usually contain about 1.0–2.0 percent carbon

 

Also known as wrought iron, low carbon steel is the commonest and most cost effective form. It is easy to work, making it suitable for decorative products like lamp posts and fencing. As one of the stronger variants, medium carbon steel is often used to forge large structural applications and automotive components while high-carbon steel is mostly used for high-strength wires and springs. Also known as cast iron, ultra-high carbon steel is the hardest form of them all and often used for knives, axles, punches and other special purposes. Since carbon steels do not contain chromium, they tend to corrode faster than almost every other type of steel.

 

Pros

Depending on the variant, carbon steels are:

• Strong

• Durable

• Extremely hard

• Ductile

• Affordable

• Resistant to wear

• Malleable

• Offer exceptional machinability when treated with sulfur

• Can be tempered to great hardness

 

Cons

• Poor rust resistance

• Relatively low tensile strength

• Some types suffer from yield-point runout and can, therefore, require high levels of maintenance.

 

Alloy Steels

The name comes from the fact that steels in this group contain a small percentage of other metals besides iron. Alloy steels contain common alloy metals in varying proportions, which makes this type of steel suitable for specific applications. These alloy metals include aluminum, manganese, nickel, titanium, silicon, copper, and chromium, the addition of which produces properties that are different from those found in regular carbon steels. When added, alloying elements can change properties like strength, ductility, formability, hardenability, and ability to resist corrosion. For instance, stainless steel is produced by adding chromium and nickel whereas the addition of aluminum results in a more uniform appearance. On the other hand, the addition of manganese is known to make steel extremely hard and strong. Alloy steels can have diverse mechanical properties due to the broad range of compositions possible.

 

Pros

Depending on the variant, alloy steels are:

• Economical

• Widely available

• Easy to process

• Resistant to corrosion

• Hard

• Strong

• Responsive to heat treatments

 

Cons

• The hardness has a negative impact on workability

• Can be allergic, especially if it contains nickel

 

Because of the properties mentioned above, alloys steels serve a broad range of applications including the manufacture of pipelines, transformers, auto parts, electric motors and power generators.

 

Tool Steels

This type of steel is alloyed at very high temperatures and often contains hard metals like tungsten, cobalt, molybdenum and vanadium. Since they are not only heat resistant but also durable, tool steels are often used for cutting and drilling equipment. Even so, there are various types of tools steels, each containing varying quantities of different alloy metals. As a result, each type of tool steel offers a different level of heat resistance and durability.

 

Pros

• Extremely durable

• Highly heat resistant

• Strong

• Hard

 

Cons

• Limited application

• Difficult to manipulate

 

Stainless Steels

Although stainless steels comprise of several metal alloys, they usually contain 10-20 percent chromium, making it the primary alloying element. Compared to the other forms of steel, stainless steels are approximately 200 times more resistant to rusting, especially the types that contain at least 11 percent chromium. As a result, stainless steel is highly valued for its ability to resist corrosion. Based on their crystalline structure, stainless steels fall into one of the following categories:

 

1. Austenitic steels

Although austenitic steels contain trace amounts of nickel (eight percent) and carbon (0.8 percent), they are high in chromium. In general, austenitic steels have a chromium content of about 18 percent. With applications like the manufacture of pipes, kitchen utensils, and food processing equipment, austenitic steels are the most commonly used type of stainless steel. Even though austenitic steels are not responsive to heat treatments, they are valued for their non-magnetic properties.

 

2. Ferritic steels

Apart from containing trace amounts of nickel, less than 0.1 percent carbon, and about 12-17 percent chromium, ferritic steels usually contain alloy metals like molybdenum, aluminum or titanium in small quantities. Ferritic steels are magnetic, tough, and very strong. However, cold working can be used to strengthen them further. Unfortunately, they are not responsive to heat treatment, meaning no heating technique can be used to harden them.

 

3. Martensitic steels

In addition to containing moderate amounts of carbon (about 1.2 percent) and nickel (less than 0.4 percent), martensitic steels contain 11-17 percent chromium. Aside from having magnetic properties, martensitic steels are also responsive to heat treatments. This type is mainly used to make dental and surgical equipment, blades, knives, and several other cutting tools.

 

Stainless steels have the ability to withstand most of the wear and tear caused by everyday use, making them highly durable. Additionally, an invisible layer of chromium serves to prevent oxidation, making stainless steels resistant to scratches and corrosion.

 

Pros

Stainless steels are generally:

• Low maintenance

• Highly resistant to scratches and corrosion

• Durable

• Hard

• Affordable

 

Cons

• Easy to dent

• The inclusion of nickel raises allergic concerns

• The hardness means limited workability

 

As evidenced by the properties offered by each of the forms, steel has qualities that can meet a broad range of applications. In fact, steel serves an array of construction, appliance, energy transport, and packaging purposes in today's world.

 

Jessica Kane is a professional blogger who writes for Federal Steel Supply, Inc., a leading steel tubing suppliers of carbon, alloy and stainless steel pipe, tubes, fittings and flanges.

Portable Geo Specific Water Filtration Bottle

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Madras Ramesh Kumar and his team member Anupam Chandra won the award appreciation for developing a prototype of Portable Geo Specific Water Filtration Bottle. He carried his project work under guidance of Prof. T. Pradeep.

In all natural calamities, those who get most affected are the poor and affordable solutions are essential for alleviating their sufferings. In regions, such as West-Bengal and Assam where flood water can also contain regional contaminants such as arsenic, rapid removal of particulates, microbial, chemical and regional contaminate such as arsenic and fluoride require a combination of technologies to be effective at acceptable flow rates. A personal water purifier to deliver one liter of clean water from arsenic contaminated water requires materials with enhanced removal kinetics and high adsorption capacity so that filter is effective. This is currently possible only with advanced nano-materials in conjunction with other technologies such as nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, etc. Here it demonstrates an affordable purifier involving multiple technologies for microbially, chemically and heavy metal safe drinking water. In this purifier bottle, feed water passes through four stages of filtration, 1) reusable pre-filter, which removes all particulate matter, 2) microfiltration / ultrafiltration hollow fiber membrane cartridge, which removes all microbial and viral contaminants, 3)geo-specific filtration unit, which removes geo-specific contaminant such as arsenic, fluoride and pesticides, 4)silver nanoparticles decorated activated coconut charcoal, which provides antimicrobial and organic contaminant removal capacity to the water purifier bottle. To develop pressure required in feed water container vessel for microfiltration or ultrafiltration, a hand operable bellow pump is added to the unit. Cheap and indigenously developed filtration membranes make this water purifying device affordable for mass distribution to the affected population of a natural disaster.

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Ramesh Kumar, Department of Nano Science and Engineering,Indian Institute of Technology Madras, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award Appreciation at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 5.

Design of Highly Efficient and Inexpensive Membrane Equipment as Import Substitutes for Demineralized Water Production and Hemodialysis

Students of CSIR- Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad Harsha Nagar including her team members M. Madhumala, Shaik Nazia, Y.V.L. Ravi Kumar won the award appreciation for developing a Design of Highly Efficient and Inexpensive Membrane Equipment as Import Substitutes for Demineralized Water Production and Hemodialysis. She carried her project under guidence of Dr. S. Sridhar.

Demineralized (DM) water has gained huge applications in various industries including hospitals, laboratory for culture preparation, cooling systems, laser cutting etc. Therefore Membrane Separations Group of IICT has designed a highly compact and low cost two stage cascaded membrane system which would produce 40-60 L/h capacity of demineralized water with a total dissolved solids (TDS) of zero ppm. The system costs Rs. 35000/- only as compared to Rs. 5 – 10 Lakhs charged by multinational companies. The unit produces demineralized water at a cost of 5 Paise per liter with a low maintenance. The another innovation reports the design of low cost spinneret for making synthetic polymeric hollow fibers having different sizes which are used for Dialysis and water purification. The spinneret consist of a bore fluid pin, the lower part of the extruder/polymer solution reservoir which is connected to venturi shape taper with varied diverging part where various concentric polymer clearance can be achieved according to the application. The detachable bore fluid pin mounting design allows hollow fibre with inner diameter ranging from 110 microns to 800 microns. Different sizes of diverging part of venturi shape of taper connected to polymer reservoir allows for the manufacture of hollow fibers having different sizes.

Dr. Francis Gurry Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) honored Harsha Nagar, CSIR- Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciatipon Award at Rashtrapati Bhavan on 5th March.

A Mechanism for Toilet Seat Sanitation

Students of Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Arvind Pujari and his team members Shashwat Jain, D V S S S Kushal Kumar Reddy, Subham Kumar Sahana and Tanay Garg won the GYTI award appreciation for developing a A Mechanism for Toilet Seat Sanitation.

A simple, purely mechanical device is developed to ensure the sanitation and cleaning of the toilet seat by the push of a foot pedal which can be implemented as an add-on to the existing toilet structure. The mechanism consists of three parts. a) A Lifting Mechanism: A foot pedal lifts the seat, as seen in dustbin lids. b) A Spraying Mechanism: When the seat reaches its apex position, a nozzle is automatically pressed, spraying a sanitizing liquid onto the seat. There are four such nozzles, thus ensuring that the entire seat is sterilized. c) A Wiping Mechanism: The wiper is a rod attached with a removable sponge, located at the back end of the seat, so that it does not encumber the user. When the foot pedal is pressed, the seat is lifted and the wiper is lifted along with the seat until it reaches the front edge, thus cleaning the seat of any dirt or water left by the previous user. Then the spray heads attached to the lid of the seats are pressed and spray a sanitizing liquid on the seat. The spray is uniformly spread and wiped across the seat, by the wiper, thus completely sterilizing it. There are many advantages of this mechanism over currently implemented methods (such as disposable seat covers, sanitary wipes, sanitary sprays and UV light). Thus, this device provides a low cost (the device will cost less that 1000 to manufacture and set up), user friendly, touch free and electricity free method of sanitizing and cleaning the toilet seat by the simple push of a foot pedal.

Dr. Francis Gurry Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) honored Arvind Pujari, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 Appreciation at Rashtrapati Bhavan on 5th of March.

Grid Interactive Solar PV Based Water Pumping Using BLDC Motor Drive

Rajan Kumar, student of Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi received the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 appreciation for developing a prototype of a Grid Interactive Solar PV Based Water Pumping Using BLDC Motor Drive under the guidance of Prof. Bhim Singh.

Being a grid-isolated or standalone system, the existing brushless DC (BLDC) motor driven water pumps fed by a solar photovoltaic (SPV) array, rely only on solar PV energy. Due to its intermittency, the solar PV generation exhibits its major drawback which results in an unreliable water pumping systems. In the course of bad climatic condition, water pumping is severely interrupted, and the system is underutilized as the pump is not operated at its full capacity. Moreover, an unavailability of sunlight (at night) leads to shutdown of an entire water pumping system. This innovation proposes a bidirectional power flow control of a grid interactive SPV fed water pumping system. A BLDC motor-drive is used to run a water pump. This system and control enable a consumer to operate the water pump at its full capacity for 24-hours regardless of the climatic condition and to feed a single-phase utility grid when the water pumping is not required. The full utilization of SPV array and motor-pump is made possible in addition to an enhanced reliability of the pumping system. Using a single-phase voltage source converter (VSC), a unit vector template (UVT) generation technique accomplishes a bidirectional power flow control between the grid and the DC bus of voltage source inverter (VSI) which feeds a BLDC motor. The maximum power point (MPP) operation of SPV array, and power quality standards such as power factor and total harmonic distortion (THD) of grid are met by this system.

Dr. Prof. K. Vijay Raghavan, Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, honored Rajan Kumar, Department of Electrical, Instrumentation & Related Fields, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 Appreciation at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Paper-based device for rapid detection of Dengue

Sanjay Kumar and his team member Pulak Bhushan won the award appreciation for developing a Paper-based device for rapid detection of Dengue. He carried his project work under the guidance of Prof. Shantanu Bhattacharya, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur.

Dengue virus is diagnosed using conventional techniques like PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and even though these methods are highly accurate they need a highly clean lab and expert people to perform these tests. They are also highly expensive and time consuming. The previously developed devices have one major limitation from the commercial point of view. They utilize saliva or serum as their samples. Even though they are an important source of biomarkers and have less interference, they require pre-processing before they can be used. The pre-processing can only be done in a laboratory rendering it useless for developing commercially available lateral flow test strips. Several rapid diagnostic devices are available in the market for detection of dengue. The devices that detect NS1 are only capable of doing so after 3-4 days, since that is when the concentration of Ns1 increases to a considerable amount. Whereas, the devices that can detect IgM and IgG, suffer from the problem that these antibodies are produced in the body only after 4 days and 7 days respectively (primary infection), hence rendering them useless for early detection purposes. The primary objectives of this project are as follows: Development of a device which can detect dengue NS1 in the first 1-2 days itself, when the concentration of NS1 is considerably low. This shall make the device capable of providing an early diagnosis which will further aid the doctors in treating the patients in an effective way. Using whole blood as the sample, eliminating the need of pre-processing which requires external equipment and expertise.

Dr. Francis Gurry Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) honored Sanjay Kumar and his team member Pulak Bhushan, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 Appreciation at Rashtrapati Bhavan on 5th of March.

OCR++: A Robust Framework For Information Extraction From Scholarly Articles

Students of the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur were received the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a website of OCR++: A Robust Framework For Information Extraction From Scholarly Articles.

Mayank Singh Including his team members Barnopriyo Barua, Priyank Palod, Manvi Garg, Sidhartha Satapathy, Samuel Bushi, Kumar Ayush, Krishna Sai Rohith, Tulasi Gamidi developed this website under guidence of Dr. Pawan Goyal and Dr. Animesh Mukherjee.

This project proposes OCR++, an open-source framework designed for a variety of information extraction tasks from scholarly articles including metadata (title, author names, affiliation and email), structure (section headings and body text, table and figure headings, URLs and footnotes) and bibliography (citation instances and references). A diverse set of scientific articles written in English to understand generic writing patterns and formulate rules to develop this hybrid framework is analysed. Extensive evaluations show that the proposed framework outperforms the existing state-of-the-art tools by a large margin in structural information extraction along with improved performance in metadata and bibliography extraction tasks, both in terms of accuracy (50% improvement) and processing time (52% improvement). A user experience study conducted with the help of 30 researchers reveals that the researchers found it to be very helpful.

For this project Prof. Anil K Gupta Co-ordinator, SRISTI and Founder, Honey Bee Network, honored Mayank Singh and his team members Barnopriyo Barua, Priyank Palod, Manvi Garg, Sidhartha Satapathy, Samuel Bushi, Kumar Ayush, Krishna Sai Rohith, Tulasi Gamidi, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Fish-Inspired Propulsion System for Remotely Operated Surface Ships and Underwater Vehicles

Mannam Naga Praveen Babu won the award for the research project ‘Fish-Inspired Propulsion System for Remotely Operated Surface Ships and Underwater Vehicles’. He carried his research work under the guidance of Prof. Krishnankutty P. Department of Naval Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai.

The Autonomous Marine Vehicles (AMVs) are much in use for exploring subsea natural resources, monitoring marine pollution, performing hydrographic surveys, etc. Energy for AMV operations are taken from battery cells provided inside the AMV. The energy consumption can be reduced by providing the AMVs with a propulsion system which is more efficient than the conventional screw type thrusters. Recent advances in planetary sciences shows that NASA is trying to explore liquid atmospheres such as methane lakes, icy crust atmospheres in Jupiter's largest moon Europa and Titan planets with the help of robotic eel fish and underwater submarines. The use of marine vehicles on earth ocean's world exploration advances into planetary atmospheres. Compared to conventional marine vehicles, bio-inspired swimming vehicles have shown higher performance in comparison to screw propellers. This performance results in efficient cruising, maneuverability (turning and stopping ability), noiseless motion and eco-friendly. These are defined as fish-like bio-inspired vehicles which propel through undulation or oscillation motion of the fish body or its fins. Flapping foil propulsion are more efficient (80%) than the conventional screw propulsion system (60%). Use of flapping foils also disturbs the water less compared to screw propellers, thus making it more environment friendly and create less noise. With these perspectives under consideration, the present research reports the studies carried out on a remotely operated surface ship model and underwater vehicle fitted with a fin at the aft end, resembling caudal fin of a thunniform fish. The aft (tail) fin has freedom to oscillate in the horizontal plane about the longitudinal axis. Self-propulsion tests are carried out for determining the thrust performance of marine vehicles

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Mannam Naga Praveen Babu, Department of Naval Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017  at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Never Ending Learning Of Sound

Ankit Shah including his team members Rohan Badlani, Benjamin Elizalde, Anurag Kumar National Institute of Technology, Surathkal received the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing an application on Never Ending Learning Of Sound. He carried his project under guidance of Prof. Bhiksha Raj.

Sound recognition is critical to the development of artificial intelligence. However, sound recognition remains an arcane task for computers, given the incomplete understanding of how humans are able to recognize sound and understand its meaning naturally. Never Ending Learning of Sound (NELS) is a system that will continuously learn about sounds through direct supervision or automatically, and expand its vocabulary of sounds through analysis of audio and multimedia recordings and thei r corresponding metadata. It will eventually present a comprehensive repository of sounds – an invaluable resource in many fields – ranging from automatic video content analysis to audio forensics. India is on its path to a digital transformation, and a semantic understanding of sounds from NELS will help create smarter cities, robotics, automated surveillance systems and will also redefine tangible experiences for approximately 60 million deaf people in India. NELS will identify known sounds and detect the occurrence of new. Then, learn to recognize new sounds and associate their semantics and metadata to increase its vocabulary. It will also learn hierarchies in the structure of sounds, learn physical and common-sense structural and temporal relationships between sounds, and associations between sounds, their meaning and semantics and categories. NELS system will provide the largest and most up-to-date available repository of sounds in the world.

Dr. Francis Gurry, Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), honored Ankit Shah and his team from Department of Computer science, Information technology & related fields, National Institute of Technology Surathkal, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017  at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan on March 5.

Blood Quality Assessment using Digital Holographic Microscopy

Mandeep Singh including his team member Azhar Muneer won the award for the research project Blood Quality Assessment using Digital Holographic Microscopy. He carried his research work under the guidance of Dr. Kedar Khare and Dr. Sarita Ahlawat Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

The stored blood in blood banks is used regularly in surgical procedures or transfusions. Blood quality assessment is therefore an important routine task. Current blood quality assessment protocols involve a number of chemical assays or impedance measurements making the process cumbersome and difficult to standardize. In recent years IIT Delhi has developed and patented a superior DHM technology for accurate high resolution 3D imaging of biological cells for blood cell classification and quality assessment. DHM operates on the principle of interference of light and can provide accurate information regarding minute refractive index changes in the cells that are ultimately related to cellular changes in response to ageing, physical cell damage or infections. Using the novel 3D imaging capability of this prototype system has indicated that fresh and old red blood cells have clearly distinguishable morphological features.

Mandeep SinghThe specialty of the DHM technology is that the usual wet-lab processing of cells prior to their analysis can be minimized thus significantly reducing recurring costs for chemical reagents. With a more systematic effort in this direction the aim is to develop a methodology for blood cell classification and quality testing that can benefit large number of hospitals, blood banks and pathology labs across India and beyond. The work is expected to lead to an early application of an indigenously developed microscopy technology with superior imaging performance.

Dr. Renu Swarup Senior Advisor, DBT and MD, BIRAC honored Mandeep Singh and Azhar Muneer with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Enhancement of Distribution System Performance using High Voltage Alternating Current (HVAC) Boost Converter and Fuzzy Controller

Anusha Vadde Student of the M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru received the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype Enhancement of Distribution System Performance using High Voltage Alternating Current (HVAC) Boost Converter and Fuzzy Controller. She carried her project under guidance of  V. S. N. Sitaramgupta V.

Power quality is one of the key factor in electrical systems and is taken into consideration to meet the demands of the customer. Voltage dips, momentary interruptions, harmonics and transient surges affect the reliability and quality of the power supply. The reliability and cost of any electrical system depends on the quality of the supplied power and consumed by the system. High Voltage Distribution System (HVDS) is one of the methods used to improve the quality and reliability of the distribution system through a reduction in losses, voltage fluctuations and power consumption. In HVDS, power is transmitted from the distribution station to consumer premises through the booster transformers and voltage regulators. Inrush currents or magnetizing currents and heating of insulation have been observed in transformers due to non-linear loads. As a result, the current drawn by the system is high. To overcome these effects, a step-up power converter with fuzzy controller has been designed. In this research work, High Voltage Alternating Current (HVAC) Boost Converter with fuzzy controller has been proposed for a costeffective solution to reduce distribution losses. Simulation studies have been carried out for verifying the utilities of the proposed design. The performance of the designed fuzzy logic controller is compared with that of the existing booster transformer scheme by using the simulations. It has been found that the efficiency is improved by 4%, and power losses are reduced by 1.4% to maintain the voltage fluctuations within the acceptable levels. The proposed controller in the case study of old city area in Hyderabad has been shown that revenue savings are increased by 12%.

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Anusha Vadde, Department of Electrical, Instrumentation & Related Fields, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017  at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan on March 5.

Affordable Paper Microfluidic Device for Blood Glucose and Cholesterol Detection

Avisek Barla and his team members Abrar Ali Khan, Sameer Sharma, Vijay Anand, Nitish Kumar Singh  won the award for the research project Affordable Paper Microfluidic Device for Blood Glucose and Cholesterol Detection. He carried his research work under the guidance of Dr. Vignesh Muthuvijayan, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) can easily be held responsible for majority of the deaths worldwide and India is no exception. The work is done on detecting diabetes, cholesterol and predict its cumulative effect. There are specific cases of brain stroke leading to complete or partial paralysis including severe cognitive impairment in the long term. The huge demand for diagnosis has flooded market with Point of Care devices for diabetes, but not yet for cholesterol. The cost of an average device is Rs 800-1500 in the market, but in this project, the price point of the strips used is around Rs 15-50. Thus, a lowcost paper based sensor meant for the masses is made. One would require to add a few drops of blood to the device and colour change will happen in the specified region. A camera is used to quantify and measure colour to display the concentration. The data collected will be used to map the prevalence of the disease and predict the occurrence of strokes. The work is in the process of making a blood drawing mechanism and plasma separation unit which will complete the picture of a true consumer device at nominal price.

Dr. Prof. K. Vijay Raghavan, Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, honored Avisek Barla, research scholar,  Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 Appreciation at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

IIT-M scholar wins GYTI 2017 Award ~ telanganatoday.news

Students and Research Scholars of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-Madras (Madras have won several laurels at Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Awards 2017.

IIT-M scholar wins GYTI 2017 Award

Chennai: Students and Research Scholars of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-Madras (Madras have won several laurels at Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Awards 2017.

Dr Vikram Singh, former Research Scholar in the Department of Chemistry, IIT Madras, won the BIRAC GYTI Award for his project ‘White Light Emission from Vegetable Extracts’ (http://gyti.techpedia.in/project-detail/white-light-emission-from-vegetable-extracts/7414). He was guided by Prof. Ashok Kumar Mishra, Professor, Department of Chemistry, IIT Madras.

Prof. Ashok Kumar Mishra, Department of Chemistry, explains, “Plants are rich sources of many classes of molecules that absorb light and emit in the visible wavelength ranges. Our reported work shows that judicious choice of such molecules can provide cheap and environment-friendly sources of white light emission systems. This is essentially a ‘proof of concept’ work and further research is necessary to address the issues of molecular/material stability and device compatibility”.

Dr Vikram Singh says, “Receiving the prestigious GYTI Award at Rastrapati Bhawan was a big honour for me and I am delighted. I will be using the Rs 15 lakh award grant to continue my research on white light emitting material from plant sources. I plan to research on RGB Emitting Carbon Quantum Dots from Vegetables/Fruits extract”.

The BIRAC-SRISTI award for biotechnological/medical/healthcare innovation is given to a technology having the potential to reach the masses and/or address a felt social need or making it extremely affordable compared to the available solution. Up to fifteen of the selected innovations may be given a grant of Rs.15 lakh each and another hundred ideas may be granted Rs 1 lakh each for taking the idea forward.

Several students also won GYTI appreciation awards.

They include:
• Anupam Chandra and Ramesh Kumar (Project Associate) for their project entitled Portable Geo-specific Water Filtration Bottle. They were guided by Prof. T Pradeep.

• Arvind Pujari, Tanay Garg, Shashwat Jain, Kushal Kumar Reddy DVSS and Subham K Sahana for their project entitled A Mechanism for Toilet Seat Sanitation. They were guided by Prof. Anil Prabhakar.

• Avisek Barla, Abrar Ali Khan, Sameer Sharma, Vijay Anand and Nitish Kumar Singh for their project entitledAffordable Paper Microfluidic Device for Blood Glucose and Cholesterol Detection. They were guided by Dr Vignesh Muthuvijayan.

• Mallikarjunachari G for his project entitled Design of a Mechanical Device (Nanorobot) for Diagnosis and Removal of Plaque from Human Heart Artery System. He was guided by Dr Pijush Ghosh.

• Mannam Naga Praveen Babu for his project entitled Fish-Inspired Propulsion for Remotely Operated Surfaces Ships and Underwater Vehicles. He was guided by Prof. P Krishnankutty.
The GYTI Awards celebrate the spirit of student innovation in all the fields of engineering, science, technology and design through extremely affordable/frugal solution or the ones pushing the technological edge. These could deal for example, with a) communities at grassroots, b) co-creation with grassroots innovators, c) ‘manufacturable’ technologies for saving or generating energy, sanitation, water purification, saving material consumption, d) biotechnology and medical devices, e) diagnostics, f) assistive devices for physically challenged, and all others areas of social and industrial applications.

One can submit more than one application in hardcore manufacturing areas, including but not restricted to aerospace, transportation, construction, textile, electronics, nanotechnologies, computer science applications etc.

The SRISTI (Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable Technologies and Institutions) instituted the awards to encourage innovative student projects in engineering, pharmacy, science and other applied technologies. They are given every year during the Festival of Innovation (FOIN) at Rashtrapati Bhawan in March.

For any query, contact Team Techpedia-GYTI at gyti.techpedia@sristi.org, contact no: +919099258492. For looking at the awards given this year, please visit www.techpedia.in, www.sristi.org initiative.

 

By   |   Published: 27th Apr 2017  2:24 pm

Indigenous Technology of Soft Body Armour for Defence Applications Using 3D Woven Aramid Fabrics

Animesh Laha, Student of the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi received the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of Indigenous Technology of Soft Body Armour for Defence Applications Using 3D Woven Aramid Fabrics. He carried his project under guidance of Dr. Abhijit Majumdar. 

Soft body armours are developed by using multiple layers of high performance fabrics. Generally, 30-40 layers of 2D fabrics woven aramid fabrics (Kevlar, Technora etc.) or ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) sheets are assembled together to make soft armour panel which becomes heavy and inflexible. In this innovation, two approaches have been amalgamated to reduce the weight of body armour. 3D fabrics, in which yarns are arranged in three perpendicular directions, namely X, Y and Z were produced in the laboratory. 3D fabrics were then treated with shear thickening fluid (STF).

STF treated 3D fabric prototypes developed in this research have been tested against 9 × 19 mm bullets (430 m/s). Soft armour panel having STF treated 3D fabrics stopped bullets fired at 430 m/s. The areal density of the panels was 4500 g/m square. Moreover, the depth of back face signature for these fabrics was varying from 31 to 39 mm which is within the acceptable limit (44 mm). The panel containing STF treated 3D fabric showed dome formation, crack generation and fibre breakage to a lesser extent as compared to those of fabric panels containing untreated 3D fabrics.

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Animesh Laha, Department of Textile, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017  at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan on March 5.

Swayam- Passively Stabilized Communication Satellite

The COEP Satellite Initiative team from College of Engineering, Pune received the award for the project 'Swayam- Passively Stabilized Communication Satellite'. They carried their project work under the guidance of Dr. M. Y. Khaladkar and Dr. B. B. Ahuja.

Swayam is a pico-satellite developed by undergraduate students of College of Engineering, Pune. Swayam is a passively stabilized communication satellite of dimensions 10 X 10 X 11.35 cm and mass 990 g. Swayam was launched by ISRO on 22nd June, 2016 by PSLVC34. Swayam is currently in-orbit and data is being downlinked at COEP ground station and analysed on a regular basis. Student satellites offer a distinct challenge in terms of reliability and interdisciplinary nature of design. To achieve the highest standards of design and fabrication, the project was organized into five constituent subsystems. Attitude control is achieved by a passive magnetic attitude control system to satisfy the space and energy constraints. This system consists of an orthogonal arrangement of magnet and hysteresis rods. Volume, strength and placement of magnetic materials are the major design considerations. A numerical simulation has been developed to conclude the effect of various design parameters on stabilization time and its feasibility for the communication payload. Swayam has a half-duplex communication subsystem. Beam of the antenna is optimized to offer maximum communication link time in conjunction with the available pointing accuracy. To satisfy the power budget of the satellite, the autonomously sent beacon is sent at lesser power than the digital payload data. The power subsystem of the satellite is fully analog capable of functioning independently. Swayam as a template is ideal for carrying low profile payloads which do not require magnetically clean environment. Swayam is also an experiment which shows the cohesive application of passive stabilization for a communication satellite in low power environment.

For this innovation Dr. Anil Sahasrabudhe, Chairman of the All India Council for Technical Education, honored team COEP Satellite Initiative, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

A Novel Bio-engineering Approach to Generate an Eminent Surface Functionalized Template for the Selective Detection of Female Sex Pheromone of Certain Agriculturally Hazardous

Dr. Parikshit Moitra and Dr. Deepa Bhagat from Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru were given the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of A Novel Bio-engineering Approach to Generate an Eminent Surface Functionalized Template for the Selective Detection of Female Sex Pheromone of Certain Agriculturally Hazardous under guidancep of Prof. Santanu Bhattacharya.

Plant pests exert serious effects on food production due to which the global crop yields are reduced by ~20-40% per year, as estimated by FAO. Hence to meet the world's food needs, loses of food due to crop pestsmust be reduced. Herein silicon dioxide or zinc oxide based MEMS devices are covalently functionalized for robust and efficient optical sensing of the female sex pheromones of the pests like Helicoverpa armigera, Scirpophaga incertulas and Bactocera oleae for the first time in literature.A Novel Bio-engineering Approach to Generate an Eminent Surface Functionalized Template for the Selective Detection of Female Sex Pheromone of Certain Agriculturally Hazardous

The relative sensitivity of the functionalized MEMS devices is improved by the variation in functionalization protocols that either increased the number of amine or β-cyclodextrin functionalities on each anchor site. The functionalized devices are also capable of selectively measur ing the concentration of this pheromone at the femtogram level which is much below the concentration of pheromone found at the time of pest infestation in an agricultural field. Again, the reversible use of the functionalized devices in any season under ambient conditions, photochemical and thermal stability of the devi c e s and absolut e ly t roubl e f r e e transportation of these pheromone nanosensors heightens their potentials for commercial use. Overall, a novel and unique approach is reported herein for the selective and reversible sensing of female sex pheromones of certain hazardous pests which may be efficiently and economically carried forward from the research laboratory to the agricultural field to determine the stage of prior pest infestation. Necessary actions can then be taken as and when necessary in a confined region of alerted pest attack.

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Dr. Parikshit Moitra, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 5.

Navyo – The Smart Glove

Madhav Aggarwal, Mohd. Suhail and Bhavesh Pachnanda, Students of the Delhi Technological University, Delhi were given the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of a Navyo – The Smart Glove under guidance of  Dr. Vikas Rastogi.

In the midst of the fast paced life and era of technology, a blind person is still in state of confusion that how will he/she manage to reach his/her destination. Due to his/her impairment, he/she is unable to find his direction (i.e. from where to take a left or a right turn) and eventually gets lost every now and then. So, another person becomes necessary for guiding him along the path. This makes him/her highly dependent on others for his mobility.

Navyo the smart gloveWith this, not only does he reduce his productivity but also, loses his freedom and confidence to walk alone. So, to cater the aforementioned problem a smart glove that will guide the person turn by turn to reach the destination via vibrations is created. Navyo is accompanied by a mobile App, interface of which is simple and easy to use. User simply needs to speak out the destination in App. Navyo then connects to app via Bluetooth and the person is ready to go. As per the map, when the left turn approaches, the frequency of vibration also starts increasing in left portion of hand indicating left turn and stops when turn is taken. This way by following different vibration patterns at different maneuver points (i.e. right turn, overhead bridges, underpass etc) destination can be reached out easily. In case, user has missed out any vibration instruction on glove, then it can be repeated by simply pressing a button on Navyo. The solution is based on haptic feedback technology which is safe and non-distractive from blind person's point of view. Also, this solution provides the hassle-free way for navigation by allowing user to speak the destination and walk with mobile phone inside pocket/purse etc.

Dr. Francis Gurry Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) honored Madhav Aggarwal, Department of Electronics, Communications & related fields, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 5.

 

Non-invasive, Point-of-care Diagnostic System for Early Detection of Oral Cancer using Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging

Manashi Chakraborty, Dr. Santanu Patsa and Dr. Nishat Anjum received the award for the research project Non-invasive, Point-of-care Diagnostic System for Early Detection of Oral Cancer using Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging. She carried her research work under the guidance of  Dr. Sudipa Mukhopadhyay, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur.

This project is the pioneering attempt to develop a non-invasive, non-ionizing, radiation hazard free, point-of-care computer aided diagnostic framework for oral cancer detection using machine intelligence and Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging (DITI). Oral cancer is the most common cancer in India where approximately 14 people die/hour. Patients are unable to avail diagnosis due to scarcity of state-of-the-art infrastructure and oral-pathologist. Patients are reluctant to go for invasive biopsy. All these along with absence of screening facility pose hindrance to early diagnosis. Due to abnormal metabolic activities in carcinogenic facial regions, heat signatures of patients are different from that of normal subjects. Asymmetry of temperature distribution was compared between facial regions (opposite sides of frontal image and between left and right profile images) for patients and normal subjects.

Disparity_AnalysisThe analysis suggested that patients manifest greater asymmetry compared to normal subjects. This project requires only a one-time investment of a long infrared thermal camera, image processing and machine learning software and a laptop/workstation. Thus, there is minimal resource requirement. Also, Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging (DITI) has no recurring or maintenance cost. The image acquisition protocol is so simple that even a high school student can acquire the images. It provides on-spot oralcancer screening facility and is portable. Thus, screening camps can be organised even in remote villages with minimal infrastructure. As DITI has no recurring cost, it can be scaled up to cater the huge population of developing countries like India.

Dr. Prof. K. Vijay Raghavan Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, honored Manashi Chakraborty, Department of Medical Science & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan on March 5.

 

Affordable detection kit for Cervical Cancer

Appidi Tejaswini, Syed Basseruddin Alvi , Anurag Meena Students of the Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad were given the BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of an Affordable detection kit for Cervical Cancer under guidance Dr. Aravind Kumar Rengan.

Cervical cancer is treatable, if diagnosed early. The screening/diagnostic procedures available are time-consuming and explorative. A system which is simple, economical with immediate results is needed to increase frequency of screening. The innovation has paved way for the development of one such system.

Strip based device for detetcion(2)A technique is developed to quantify the acetic acid that is used for protein coagulation which is responsible for the aceto-white patches in VIA [Visual Inspection with Acetic acid, a conventional screening procedure for detection of Cervical cancer/Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)]. The percentage of acetic acid is quantified; such that various percentages would result in various colors. This will help to identify the presence of cervical cancer/CIN without naked eye observation as required in VIA. This technique will be embedded into a paper/strip based device which can be initially used as an assistive technique but has the capability to emerge as self-screening tool. A qualitative screening procedure VIA is also quantified which can be easily embedded into paper/strip based device for the development of an economical, easy to handle kit which will increase the frequency and improve the ease of screening which would in turn increase the Cervical cancer survival rate.

For this innovation Dr. Renu Swarup Senior Advisor, DBT and MD, BIRAC, honored Appidi Tejaswini, Department of Nano Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan on March 5.

 

Portable Biosensing Platform Based on Conducting Polymer Decorated Optical Fiber for Bacteria as well as Heavy Metal Sensing in Tap Water

Sutapa Chandra, Rosna Binish, Arvind Dhawangale students of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay were given the BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of a Portable Biosensing Platform Based on Conducting Polymer Decorated Optical Fiber for Bacteria as well as Heavy Metal Sensing in Tap Water under guidance of Prof. Soumyo Mukherji.

The presence of water borne bacteria and heavy metals in tap water could be a potential human health risk and may lead to death of young children and adult. To address this issue, a common platform is developed for detection of water contaminants (bacteria and heavy metals) in tap water. The primary sensing mechanism is based on change of optical properties of polyaniline (conducting polymer) due to the binding of water contaminants on the polyaniline coated fiberoptic sensor probe. The experimental setup consists of a broadband light source, light focusing optics and fiber-optic spectrometer. Depending on the analyte (heavy metals, bacteria etc.), polyaniline coated optical fibers were functionalized with different receptors. Thus, by changing the surface chemistry of the polyaniline coated sensor probe, it can be made specific towards detection of different analyte. As a proof of concept, it is demonstrated that as low as 20- 60 cfu/ml concentrations of E. coli and 1 picomolar concentration of lead ions are detectable using this system.

sutapa chandraThe deliverable will be a marketable prototype of an optical fiber sensor integrated with microcontroller unit. The novelty lies in the alteration of optical properties of polyaniline and its utilisation for water contaminants sensing. The detection limit aimed by this technology will surpass the conventional methods available for detecting these analytes. The sensitivity and specificity available by this technology ensures its applicability in water industry.

For this innovation Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Sutapa Chandra, Department of Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan on March 5.

Affordable and Rapid Paper-based Test Kits for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Assays

Students of the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur were received the BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing an Affordable and Rapid Paper-based Test Kits for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Assays.

Shantimoy Kar including team members Tarun Agarwal, Shubhanath Behera, Varun Varma developed this test kit under guidence of Dr. Suman Chakraborty and Prof. Tapas K. Maiti. At the present scenario, increasing drug resistance of the pathogenic microbes is a global threat to the human mortality. To meet this challenge, there is a need to develop a rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing platform. The cur rent methodologies for detec ting antimicrobial susceptibility suffer from severe limitations, thereby negatively effecting patient's survival rates. These techniques are time consuming, labor intensive, require sophisticated infrastructures and skilled personnel; which collectively increase overall cost of the diagnosis. In this context, herein, a simple paper based microfluidics platform for easy and rapid execution of antimicrobial susceptibility assays is developed.

Device schematicsThe device consists of a paper-based platform which includes four different layers: a base layer, a bacterial suspension layer, a drug layer and a top layer containing a chromogenic substrate which changes color in accordance to the bacterial metabolic activities. The developed technology provides faster detection (~ 5-6 h) and multiplexing (upto 8 different samples could be analyzed) in comparison to the gold-standard stereotype laboratory practices. Moreover, portable nature and ease of fabrication method collectively make it more convenient for functioning at resource limited settings.

For this innovation Prof. Anil K Gupta Co-ordinator, SRISTI and Founder, Honey Bee Network, honored Shantimoy Kar and team Tarun Agarwal, Shubhanath Behera, Varun Varma, Department of Applied Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Carbon Zero Challenge

The Carbon Zero Challenge is a pioneering initiative by IIT Madras and IWMA in collaboration with the US Consulate General, Chennai. CZEROC seeks innovative ideas and proof-of-concept solutions from students and entrepreneurs in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Puducherry, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

 

NeuroBuds: Brain Wave Mapping Smart Earphones for Rural India

Nitin Vasanth, student of the Cochin University of Science & Technology, Cochin received the BIRAC – SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of a NeuroBuds: Brain Wave Mapping Smart Earphones for Rural India under the guidance of Prof. Unni A M.

NeuroBuds PrototypeAn average human brain consists of over 80 billion neurons. These communicate with each other by sending short ionic impulses, which in turn creates small voltage fluctuations around the proximity of brain. By placing highly sensitive sensors, these fluctuations can be used to understand the brain activity. NeuroBuds is a pair of smart earphones that have these specially fabricated sensors embedded into it to understand the brain activity of user. These sensors are integrated into the architecture of an earphone along with a pre-processor. The data from the sensor is passed on to the Smartphone from where the rest of processing is done. This way of utilization of smartphone processor and smartphone battery to power NeuroBuds reduces the requirement for dedicated on-board processor and battery module reducing the size of device greatly. More importantly this helps reduce the device cost to a price point that makes it accessible to common man who is usually unable to explore other expensive brain activity solutions that exist now. The brain data is analysed to look for anomalies in pattern that indicate brain disorders like Epileptic seizures. This kind of early detection helps in doing pre-emptive action and sending out alerts/SOS. The brain wave data is also used to analyse the mental state of the user, their concentration levels and stress levels. At a time when the working population suffers from stress related issues and sleeping disorders due to a fastpaced lifestyle, NeuroBuds can be used as a mental health monitor. Once the application has enough data coming in from different users, it can recognize patterns and optimize algorithms on its own using the underlying neural network. NeuroBuds serves as the perfect link between the user and the smartphone to monitor other body vitals including heartbeat.

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Nitin Vasanth, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cochin University of Science & Technology, Cochin, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Design & Development of Automated Five Axis CNC Ball End Magnetorheological Finishing Machine

Dilshad Ahmad Khan and his team member Faiz Iqbal, Zafar Alam won the Appreciation award for the project Design & Development of Automated Five Axis CNC Ball End Magnetorheological Finishing Machine. He carried his project work under the guidance of Dr. Sunil Jha, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

The project is an innovation and technology based work aimed at providing nano level finish on various materials of complex shapes and size. This project is related to the design and development of a fully automated five axis CNC ball end magnetorheological finishing (BEMRF) setup from the conceptual idea to an industry standard machine. The developed machine caters to the demand of today's advanced industries which deals in finishing of 3-D dies, high precision lenses, orthopaedic implants, jewelleries and gems etc. In the first phase of the project an idea is conceptualized to finish 3-D complex surfaces using magnetorheological polishing (MRP) fluid. After checking the feasibility of the concept, a BEMRF tool is developed which is later mounted on a CNC machine setup. The newly developed finishing process is used to finish ferromagnetic as well as nonmagnetic materials of complex shapes and sizes using specially prepared magnetorheological polishing fluid. Apart from nano finishing on the surfaces, the measurement of surface roughness of the workpiece is also needed to be wear free which is not the case in stylus based measurement systems. Therefore, a non-contact roughness measurement instrument (confocal sensor) is incorporated in BEMRF machine. The confocal sensor is light, compact and easily mounted on the BEMRF tool for quick and error free measurement of surface roughness after the BEMRF process. In BEMRF machine the forces can be controlled automatically thereby enabling the user to select suitable force according to the material to be finished.

Anil Sahasrabudhe, Chairman of the All India Council for Technical Education, honored Dilshad Ahmad Khan, research scholar, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, with the prestigious Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation award 2017  at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

 

Low Cost Automated Handheld Melamine Detection Device (for Testing Melamine in Milk)

Students of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Dhiraj Indana including his team member S.C.G. Kiruba Daniel, Varun S, Prateek Katare who worked under the guidance of Dr. Sai Siva Gorthi received the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of a Low Cost Automated Handheld Melamine Detection Device (for Testing Melamine in Milk).

Device_PhotoEven though a number of kits and devices are available for detecting common milk adulterants like urea, boric acid, water, sugar and detergents, there is hardly any portable device available for the detection of melamine. Till now, bulky instruments like Gas Chromatography (GC), HPLC, GC-MS and LC-MS are being used for detecting melamine which costs between 25 to 50 lakhs rupees, as well as requiring skilled personnel for operation. A fully automated handheld device to detect melamine from milk with integrated milk pre-processing step done using chemical dried cotton is developed. Melamine is finally detected through interference in Silver nanoparticle formation. Both the preprocessing and detection steps are innovative and patented. The cost of the device may be few thousand rupees which is almost 1000 times lesser than the price of existing conventional instruments. The developed device is user-friendly Low Cost Automated Handheld Melamine Detection Device (for Testing Melamine in Milk) which can give the level of melamine adulteration in ppm directly. Thus, the device not only tells the user whether the milk is fit for consumption or not but also gives the exact concentration of melamine in milk. This device fulfills the goal of taking melamine sensing to every household so as to protect every person from melamine adulteration.

For this innovation Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Dhiraj Indana, Department of Nano Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 5.

Near Infrared Fluorescence Probes for Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease

K. Rajasekhar and Kavita Shah received the award for the research project Near Infrared Fluorescence Probes for Diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. He carried his research work under the guidance of Prof. T. Govindaraju, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bengaluru at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 5.

K. RajasekharSelective detection and staining of toxic amyloid beta (Aβ) plaques found in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain is crucial for clinical diagnosis and monitoring of the disease progress. Herein, a coumarin-quinoline (CQ) conjugate-based molecular rotor type, turn-on near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence probe for selective and specific detection of Aβ fibrillar aggregates is designed. The probe CQ selectively binds to Aβ fibrillar aggregates over other toxic protein aggregates such as Tau, α-synuclein (α-Syn) and islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), and exhibit ~100 fold fluorescence enhancement with nanomolar binding affinity (82 nM). CQ effectively displace Thioflavin T bound to Aβ fibrillar aggregates and exhibit multiple binding sites on Aβ fibrillar aggregates which is extensively studied through fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and molecular docking. Remarkably, CQ unambiguously stains Aβ plaques in human brain tissue over its co-existing Tau aggregates, neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), which are strongly associated in AD and in various tauopathies. This is a highly desirable attribute to distinguish AD from disease conditions caused by Tau pathology.

Dr. Francis Gurry Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) honored K. Rajasekhar, Department Biological Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bengaluru, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.​

Prophylactic Transdermal Patch Against Neurotoxin Poisoning In Biological Warfare Situations

Subham Banerjee won the award for the research project Prophylactic Transdermal Patch Against Neurotoxin Poisoning In Biological Warfare Situations. He carried her research work under the guidance of Dr. Pronobesh Chattopadhyay, Dr. Animesh Ghosh Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra.

Drug-in-adhesive matrix type combinational prophylactic transdermal patch composed of eserine and pralidoxime chloride (PAM) against acetyl choline agonist (±)-anatoxin a neurotoxin poisoning was developed. Initially, a simple RPHPLC method was developed and validated for the s imult aneous de t e rmina tion and quantification of eserine and 2-PAM using UV detection. The method was validated as per ICH guidelines for validation of analytical procedures, and was applied for the routine analysis of these two drugs in fabricated transdermal patches.

Product DesignAdhesive matrix type transdermal patches containing eserine and 2-PAM were prepared by solvent casting method. The drug combinations were incorporated in adhesive matrix type system supported by a polyester film laminate backing membrane and attached to a temporary releaseliner. The dermal patches were having desired properties such as thin, circular, opaque, smooth, homogeneous, sticky, uniform, flat and flexible in nature. The drug release was sustained from all the formulations up to 72 h and following anomalous (non-fickian) diffusion and fickian release mechanism for eserine and 2-PAM, respectively. Optimized transdermal patch exhibited highest acceptable levels of tackiness with good adherence capacity and showed promising stability potential with respect to all points of analysis. From safety point of view, the optimized transdermal patch was safe for application to the skin with no dermal and mutagenic toxicity as well. Pharmacodynamic study proved that the optimized transdermal patch was effective against acetyl choline agonist (±)-anatoxin a neurotoxin poisoning. While pharmacokinetic study revealed that the systemic absorption of the drugs from the fabricated best optimized patch through the skin was sufficient enough to achieve pharmacodynamic efficacy.

Dr. Prof. K. Vijay Raghavan Secretary, Department of Biotechnology honored Subham Banerjee, Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

STERI-FREEZ: Flash Freeze Sterilization

Saugandha Das including her team member Archit Devarajan won the award for the research project STERI-FREEZ: Flash Freeze Sterilization. She carried her research work under the guidance of Prof. Padma V. Devarajan Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai.

STERI-FREEZ_IMAGE 1Surgical site infections are one of the most common complications associated with surgery, with reported incidence rates of 2-20%. The problem is enhanced in rural or under-resourced clinics in under-developed or developing countries with about one-third of surgical patients getting infected, a rate which is nine times greater than in developed countries. Of the various causes, the use of contaminated medical instruments that have not been properly cleaned and sterilized directly contribute to surgical site infections with around 20 million post-operative patients infected. In absence of proper sterilization and disinfection protocols or methods these situations may become life threatening. Rural clinics in developing countries cater to 3 billion people worldwide, but do not have minimum provisions necessary to prevent post-surgical infections. Considering India has over 60% of the population living in villages, this is a serious problem and hence needs great attention.

STERI-FREEZ_Schematic IMAGE 2Thus STERI-FREEZ provides an AMAZINGLY SIMPLE on-site technology, which provides a ready to use, economic yet effective solution to the existing lacuna. This portable, cold sterilization device comprises of an insulator box housing a metallic vessel covered with a lid containing a green cryogenic biocidal mixture or Flash Freeze Elixir (FFE). Sterilization is achieved using a combination of biocides acting at subzero temperatures (-70 degree Celsius). Surgical instruments to be sterilized are kept immersed in FFE and removed just prior to use without leaving any toxic residue on the surfaces. Conventional methods of medical sterilization (autoclave, hot air, chemical and gaseous sterilization) require energy intensive instruments and long processing time while alternative sterilization techniques (Boiling in water) are not considered effective enough.

Dr. Renu Swarup Senior Advisor, DBT and MD, BIRAC honored Saugandha Das, research scholar, Department of Medical Science & Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai and Archit Devarajan, research scholar, Department of Medical Science & Technology, Ramnarain Ruia college, Mumbai with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Targeted Theranostic Nanomedicines for Brain Cancer Therapy

Sonali Singh Doharey including her team member Rahul Pratap Singh, Poornima Agrawal won the award for the research project Targeted Theranostic Nanomedicines for Brain Cancer Therapy. She carried her research work under the guidance of Dr. M. S. Muthu, Prof. B. L. Pandey Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

Brain cancer is considered as one of the most devastating diseases because it is hard to treat and cure. Chemotherapy is the most common method for the treatment of different types of brain cancers. Unfortunately, the diagnosis and therapy of brain cancer are very unsatisfying because of the existence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which excludes more than 98% of small molecules and almost 100% of large molecules. Another obstacle in cancer therapy is to maintain the desired concentration of therapeutic agents and/or diagnostic agents at tumor site.

Sonali1The innovator developed targeted and controlled release nanomedicine systems including transferrin conjugated D-alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) micelles and transferrin / arginine – glycine – aspartic acid (RGD) conjugated TPGS liposomes (i.e., transferrin conjugated liposomes and RGD conjugated liposomes) to deliver docetaxel (DTX) and quantum dots (QDs), simultaneously through receptor-mediated active delivery for brain cancer therapy. Innovator demonstrated that RGD or transferrin TPGS decorated theranostic liposomes were highly effective in delivering desired concentration of therapeutic agents and diagnostic agents across BBB without any signs of brain damage or edema in brain histopathology. These advanced platforms can diagnose brain cancer at early stages, initiate first-line therapy, monitor it, and if needed, rapidly start subsequent treatments. In future, brain theranostics will be able to provide personalized treatment which can make brain cancer even curable or at least treatable at the earliest stage.

Prof. Anil K Gupta, Co-ordinator, SRISTI and Founder, Honey Bee Network honored Sonali Singh Doharey, and her team, Department of Pharmacy, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Revealed: Dual Functional Characteristics of Escherichia Coli Outer Membrane Protein Wzi And Its Implications In The Design Of Novel Antibiotics

Shivangi Sachdeva and Narendar Kolimi won the award for the research project Revealed: Dual Functional Characteristics of Escherichia Coli Outer Membrane Protein Wzi And Its Implications In The Design Of Novel Antibiotics. she carried her research work under the guidance of Dr Thenmalarchelvi Rathinavelan, Indian Institutes of Technology, Hyderabad. 

The emergence of multidrug resistance in bacteria is a major cause of infection and mortality worldwide. In Gram-negative bacteria, polysaccharide layers are one of the major virulent determinants that are involved in the evasion of host immune response as well as offers impermeability to antibiotics. Thus, inhibiting the capsular polysaccharide (CPS) biogenesis or surface exportation or its attachment to the bacterial surface may be an attractive strategy to generate avirulent Gram-negative bacterial strains. Here, the focus is on multidrug resistant Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli), which is a common cause for urinary tract infections (including infections in the kidney), bloodstream infection, intra-abdominal infections such as peritonitis, skin and soft tissue infections, neonatal meningitis, diarrhea and food borne infections.

An E.coli outer membrane protein Wzi that acts as an anchor for CPS onto the bacterial surface (viz., a lectin) also exhibits a bidirectional passive water conduction property (viz., a porin). Such a dual functional role of Wzi was not realized earlier due to the occluded pore, a property that can be used to treat E. coli infections. It is observed that three water specific entry points across extracellular face regulate the water diffusion involving different mechanisms and a luminal hydrophobic plug governs water permeation across the channel. Thus, a drug molecule that can either interfere with the water conduction by Wzi or the attachment of CPS to Wzi may aid in reducing the bacterial virulence and make them susceptible to antibiotics or host immune response

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Shivangi Sachdeva, Narendar Kolimi, research scholar, , with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017  at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

A Novel Hybrid System for Textile Dye Waste Water Treatment

Bhaskar Bethi won the award for the research project A Novel Hybrid System for Textile Dye Waste Water Treatment. He carried his research work under the guidance of Dr. Shirish Hari Sonawane Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal.

In this project, Ultrasonic irradiation is used to initiate the emulsion polymerization to form hydro gel through the generation of free radicals as well as the uniform distribution of clay across the hydro gel polymer matrix. Recently, some attempts have been made to modify the properties of polymeric hydrogels by the incorporation of nano- or micro-particles of inorganic materials, such as montmorillonite, kaolin, mica, bentonite into the polymer networks. Hydro gels loaded with dispersed clays are a new class of composite materials which combine elasticity and permeability of the gels with high ability of the clays to adsorb different substances. The developed hybrid system for the treatment of dye waste water can be easily scaled up to industrial scale for the treatment of bulk volume of textile wastewater. It is due to its simplicity in design, less cost of material construction, low cost of operation and higher cavitation yield compared to the ultrasounic cavitation. The developed technology will be efficient for the removal of dye from aqueous medium with in short duration of operating time compared to the most of the conventional treatment techniques such as biological wastewater treatment as well as the single treatment techniques include adsorption, coagulation etc. This innovative technology mainly involves unique feature of both the degradation and subsequent absorption of dye organic pollutants from the waste water in a single set of unit.

Dr. Prof. K. Vijay Raghavan, Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, honored Bhaskar Bethi, research scholar, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017  at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Atomic power plant leak – Pallava Bagla

Dear all,

Greetings from Techpedia!

Inviting students working on material science, chemistry or any other discipline to suggest possible reason.

MUMBAI, Mar 19 (PTI): In a highly guarded Indian nuclear reactor complex, toughened radiation resistant pipes have contracted ‘small pox’. As a consequence, literally in a plot similar to a Bollywood thriller Indian scientists are burning the midnight oil to unravel the mysterious nuclear leak at the Kakrapar Nuclear Power Plant in Gujarat. This 21st century atomic pot boiler is actually unfolding through the hard work of scientists, who actually share a wall with the famous property where renowned Bollywood film star Raj Kapoor used to live.

Here, they are working over-time to find out the real cause of the cryptic leaks at twin reactors in southern Gujarat. To avoid any panic and any further accidents, the Indian nuclear watchdog – the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) – has shut down the affected plants till the cause has been found. Nuclear experts say pipes, made from a rare alloy, have contracted what seems like ‘small pox’ and this contagion has spread all over the critical tubes in two Indian Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWR) at Kakrapar in Gujarat.And, to make the matters worse, after more than a year into the investigation, the teams of scientists really do not understand what has gone wrong.

It was on the morning of March 11, 2016, and as fate would have it exactly five years after the Fukushima reactors in Japan started exploding, unit number 1 of the 220-MW PHWR at Kakrapar developed a heavy water leak and had to be shut down in an emergency.

The indigenously built nuclear plant suffered a heavy water leak in its primary coolant channel and a plant emergency was declared at the site. No worker was exposed and no radiation leaked outside the plant, confirmed India’s Department of Atomic Energy. India’s nuclear operator, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) said “reactor had shut down safely” and “no radiation leaked out”. It confirmed that safety systems had functioned normally.

The atomic thriller really begins when experts are trying to find out why a leak recognition system failed, in the first place it should have given an alarm. “There is a leak detection system in place in all PHWRs, but in this case it failed to detect the leak on March 11, 2016,” confirms AERB Chairman S A Bhardwaj. AERB speculates that the crack developed so rapidly that the electronic leak detection system just did not had the time to react. Subsequent investigations revealed that the leak detection system was fully functioning and the operator had “NOT shut it down” to cut costs.

Nothing in the core of a nuclear reactor can be done in a jiffy and several weeks after the first leak, initial probe using a specially designed tool revealed that four big cracks had formed on a coolant tube which led to the massive leak.

The discovery of the crack was only the beginning of the mystery, further efforts to find the root cause established that the outside of the tube, the part which was not exposed to high temperature heavy water, was also for some unexplained reason “corroded”.

This was a stunning discovery, since the outside of the failed tube was exposed only to high temperature carbon dioxide and there had been no recorded case of a similar corrosion having been seen on the outside of any tube. It is also very hard to access this part since the space was very tiny in the annulus.

The AERB then ordered that all the tubes made out of a special alloy of zirconium-niobium be checked on the outside, to their surprise, they discovered that the contagion of the “nodular corrosion” or what in layman’s language can also be described as “small pox-like” was very widespread in many of the 306 tubes. Tubes made from the same batch and used at other Indian reactors continue to operate faithfully, without corrosion. The needle of suspicion now pointed to the carbon dioxide, a gas known to be very stable in high radiation environments.

A further post mortem revealed that the Unit-2 which is twin of the affected reactor had also been affected by a similar leak on July 1, 2015 almost ten months before the Unit 1 had a sudden appalling failure in March 2016. Investigations into why the Unit-2 failed were ongoing but no conclusive result had been found. This literally back-to-back failure of two fully functional nuclear reactors befuddled the engineers.

Unrelenting in trying to find out the root cause, the AERB ordered that entire assembly and not just the affected tube be safely pulled out and brought to India’s foremost nuclear laboratory, the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) in Mumbai for detailed failure analysis. It is this laboratory located at Trombay in Chembur, in Mumbai that shares geography with India’s famous Bollywood Kapoor family. In addition, since India operates another 16 similar nuclear plants, a full-fledged investigation was carried out on the coolant channels of all atomic power plants and lo-and-behold the investigating team found that the “small pox” like corrosion was confined only to the two units that operated at Kakrapar.

While this gave a sigh of relief to the NPCIL but it increased the complexity on trying to unravel the true cause of the leaks at Kakrapar. Today, Bhardwaj says the investigators are wondering if the carbon dioxide used in Kakrapar may have been contaminated which caused the “nodular corrosion” on the outside of the pipes.

The source of the carbon dioxide was further back traced and it seems only the Kakrapar plant was sourcing its gas from a “Naptha cracking unit” and possibly it has some contamination of hydrocarbons. No conclusive evidence on the contamination has been forthcoming and forensic analysis is still under way.

As it turns out nuclear engineers are masters of book-keeping especially when ageing of equipment is concerned and a more detailed check in the history of the plants revealed that in 2012 two tubes had been extracted from the Kakrapar plant as part of routine maintenance and had been safely stored in a safe warehouse. When these were re-examined in 2017, the investigators were surprised that the “small pox” like corrosion on the exterior of the tube was not present.

This now makes the investigators suspect that something went wrong after 2012. Meanwhile, the AERB and the atomic energy establishment has also reached out to the vast global nuclear community to try and help resolve this mystery.

The global watchdog the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna and ten other global forums have been informed that a mysterious leak is dogging the Indian reactors at Kakrapar and if the global community could be of some help. The international community is as much at a loss in explaining the failures as are the Indian teams. India operates 18 PHWR reactors and over the years it has accumulated some 348 years of operating experience of these unique nuclear plants powered using natural uranium and in all these years, the Department of Atomic Energy asserts no radiation related death has taken place at any nuclear plant and no radiation has ever leaked out of the Indian PHWR’s.

In addition to it, 29 PHWRs are today functional in Canada, Argentina, Romania, China, South Korea and Pakistan and none have reported any issue like the ‘small pox like corrosion’ on any of its nuclear plants.

Bharadwaj says right now there are only hunches but teams at BARC are exposing the Zircalloy tubes to carbon dioxide spiked with various contaminants and they are being placed in a high radiation environment to accentuate the aging process to try and determine the exact cause of the two processes—“small pox like nodular corrosion and the development of cracks in the coolant tubes.” These could be linked or independent, says Bhardwaj, who feels that in the next few months, the root cause will definitely be deciphered till then the reactors will remain shut.

India currently operates 22 nuclear reactors with an installed capacity of 6,780 MW and hopes to ramp up nuclear output to 32,000 MW by 2032. Meanwhile, the continuing nuclear mystery is giving the vast Indian nuclear establishment and its atomic sleuths ‘nuclear jitters’.

By – Pallava Bagla

Comments by Prof. Anil Gupta

a) non-uniform alloy itself, that is if alloy has been made in batches , then some batches may have had slight difference leading to patches like distortion; b) using an analogy of with disease in chickpea, where the fungus exists among roots of healthy plants also but disease manifest only in patches, probably because of changing c/n or c/p ( carbon phosph or nitrogen) ratio in those patches; the root cause may be more widely prevalent but problem may come in patches, c) is it possible that surface physics has to explain the problem.

Rotary ultrasonic Bone Drilling

Dr. Vishal Gupta received the award for the research project Rotary ultrasonic Bone Drilling. He carried his research work under the guidance of Prof. Pulak Mohan Pandey Mechanical Engineering Department, IIT Delhi.

Bone drilling is one of the steps in a typical surgical operation i.e. performed around the world for reconstruction and repair of the fractured bone. Fracture of bones is a common problem due to age factors, sports injuries, transport and industrial accidents, etc.There is always a necessity to minimize the magnitude of drilling force and torque during the bone drilling process. Thus, to minimize the rise in temperature, force and torque during surgical bone drilling process for more efficient and successful orthopaedic and trauma surgery. To attain the aforesaid, a new noble bone drilling method has been introduced recently named as RUBD. In the present research, a novel bone drilling technique i.e., rotary ultrasonic bone drilling named as RUBD has been successfully attempted to minimize the forces, torque temperature and microcracks during bone drilling. In order to perform the experimental investigations to find out change in temperature, force, torque, temperature and microcracks with RUBD using diamond coated hollow tool on bone, rotary ultrasonic tool assembly was designed and fabricated in house.

The drilling experiments were planned and carried out on porcine bones using design of experiments (Response Surface Methodology). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to find the effect of process factors such as rotational speed, feed rate, drill diameter and ultrasonic vibrational amplitude on the force and torque. Statistical models were developed for the force and torque with 95% confidential interval and confirmation experiments have been carried out to validate the models. The results of microcracks by SEM revealed that RUBD process offered a lower force, torque, temperature and minimum microcracks, making it a potential process for bone drilling in orthopaedic surgery. It was also found that RUBD generated a much lower temperature, force and torque as compared to the CSBD.

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Dr. Vishal Gupta, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

A Virtual Reality (VR)-based Immersive Simulator for Endoscopy Training

Shanthanu Chakravarthy received the award for the research project "A Virtual Reality (VR)-based Immersive Simulator for Endoscopy Training". He carried his research work under the guidance of Prof. G. K. Ananthasuresh, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.

Virtual Reality (VR) together with haptics offers an immersive and flexible platform for training doctors in medical procedures. In this project, a VR-based endoscopy simulator together with the force-feedback system is developed. Endoscopy is minimally invasive and is used as an important diagnostic tool to detect abnormal tissues, ulcers, tumours, polyps, cancers, etc. Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy, including colonoscopy, is a complex procedure involving a high degree of hand-eye coordination.


These procedures are generally carried out by highly skilled clinicians. In order to practice endoscopy safely, a training system that does not involve patients is deemed important. VR-based training system developed in this work has many advantages. It is economical over a long run and usable any number of times; the training model can be changed and designed as per requirements including the incorporation of in-situ cases. It can be used for quantitatively assessing skill as recorded training sessions can be used for identifying mistakes. The developed endoscopy simulator also has many novel features. It consists of a three Degree of Freedom (DoF) haptic device, force models for real-time interaction, computer graphic models for visualization, and an ins t rumented endoscope for reali s tic interactions.Shanthanu Chakravarthy3

All the units of the simulator are uniquely integrated to provide immersive endoscopy s imulation. The device is kinematically designed to mimic real endoscopy. Furthermore, the endoscopy simulator developed in this project has the potential for extension to other interventional procedures such as colonoscopy, bronchoscopy, and endovascular training.

Dr. Francis Gurry Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) honored Dr. Vikram Singh, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.​

White Light Emission from Vegetable Extracts

Dr. Vikram Singh received the award for the research project White Light Emission from Vegetable Extracts. He carried his research work under the guidance of Prof. Ashok Kumar Mishra, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.

White light emission (WLE) is generated from natural dyes extracted in the laboratory using a green and simple procedure. The optimized mixture of vikram singhtwo suitably chosen plant extracts using acidic ethanol, aided by a FRET cascade from polyphenolics to curcumin to anthocyanins, generates almost pure white light, with CIE values of (0.35, 0.33) in solution, (0.26, 0.33) in gelatin gel and (0.33, 0.25) in PVA film. The colour temperature of the WLE is conveniently tunable by simply adjusting the concentrations of the component emitters. The primary emitting pigments responsible for contributing to WLE are pol yphenol s and antho c y anins f rom pomegranate, and curcumin from turmeric. WLE from such cheap and nature friendly resources could be important in the context of lighting and sensing application. It would be interesting to see if such system can be used as dyes for tunable dye laser applications. Given the vast number of excellent natural fluorescent dyes obtainable from renewable biosources, approaches similar to the present could lead to a more extensive range of low-cost and efficient WLE biomaterials with ease of adjusting colour temperature, which will obviate more expensive alternatives currently being pursued.

Dr. R A Mashelkar, Chairperson, Research Advisory Committee, SRISTI and NIF, honored Dr. Vikram Singh, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, with the prestigious BIRAC-SRISTI Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

BioInvest 2017 in Bengaluru, April 04, 2017

BioInvest2017

BioInvest 2017 in Bengaluru, April 04, 2017

Greetings from ABLE!

 

I am writing this to invite you to join as at BioInvest 2017!

 

Association of Biotechnology Led Enterprises (ABLE) is organizing a one day BIOINVEST conclave on April 04, 2017 at Shangri-La Hotel, Bengaluru. The aim of the conference is to provide the networking platform for the Lifescience Start-ups,Institutional investors, Investment Bankers, Financial sponsors, and the industry to explore market opportunities and understand sectoral trends.

 

BioInvest conferences are by invitation only. Feel free to contact my colleague Pavana Praveen at pavanapr@ableindia.org.in

 

REGISTRATION CATEGORY

You can join as at BioInvest under one of the following three categories:

(i) As a Company Seeking Investment (Start-up)

(ii) As an Investor

(iii) As a  Delegate

 

REGISTRATION FEE & CRITERIA

(i) Companies Seeking Investment: Registration Fees

  • Rupees Five Thousand (Rs 5000 /- for a maximum of two people from the organization)

  • 16 companies get a  seven minute  (7 minute) opportunity to make their pitch

  • Companies will be selected by ABLE Panel after assessing the start-ups requirement and profile

(ii) Delegate Registration Fee

  • No fee

  • Only 30 seats available.

  • Entry on first-come first-serve basis.

  • Once shortlisted, invitation is not transferable.

  • No walk-in entry

 

(iii) Investor Registration Fee

  • No fee

  • Only limited seats available.

  • Entry on first-come first-serve basis.

 

REGISTRATION FORM & DEADLINES

Find below the links to complete the registrations under the relevant category.Click to Register.

(i) Companies Seeking Investment: Registration Fees

(Deadline – March 17, 2017 to submit your application. March 21, 2017–Intimation by ABLE on shortlisted names and confirmation / Fee Payment)

(ii) Delegate Registration Fee

(Deadline – March 20, 2017)

 

(iii) Investor Registration Fee

(Deadline – March 21, 2017)

VENUE & SCHEDULE

Shangri-La Hotel, Bengaluru,
No 56-6B Palace Road, Bengaluru, 560052
Event Timings: 1030 – 1640 Hrs on Tuesday, April 04, 2017

IIT Kanpur: Students felicitated for developing Braille slate ~ indiatoday.in

Students of the Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur (IIT-K) were given the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award-2017 for developing a prototype of a Braille slate called 'Anubhav' at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 5.

Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Awards celebrates the spirit of student innovation in all the fields of engineering, science, technology and design through extremely affordable/frugal solution or the ones pushing the technological edge.

As per an HT report, there were 2,715 nominations from 308 institutions and universities from 27 states and two Union Territories across 54 different subject disciplines. This year, 22 innovations were selected for the award and another 17 for appreciation. 

First device to help visually impaired read and write simultaneously:

The idea was to develop 'Anubhav' was initiated by Sachin NP and Vimal Chandru, design programme students who worked under the guidance of Prof Shantanu Bhattacharya. According to them there was no single device that could help the visually impaired read and write simultaneously before this.

Sachin, who graduated from IIT-K and is currently working with a German company, said: "The award is a reward for our hard work. It will inspire us to do more innovation and bring about a change in society. Technology should be used for the betterment and welfare of society."

 "So we thought of sorting out the issue. The idea was to make a single device that can perform the functions of both the Braille slate and the Taylor's board," said Sachin and Vimal.

87165 The Braille slate has two polymer-based pads hinged to one side, a single row of metal stencil with Braille cell patterns etched on it and an ergonomic stylus with a hollow cylindrical tube.

'Anubhav' consists of cells with raised dots arranged on a slate and a stencil that slides down vertically from one row to the other. Using the hollow-tube stylus, the raised dots can be embossed on a paper placed between the pads. 8041IMG_20160503_164708

"The device has been tested with visually impaired children in Kanpur (Andh Vidyalaya students), and the results have been very encouraging," claimed Sachin, adding, "This project has been in progress for the past one year. 'Anubhav' was the result of thorough research. Now, we are trying to approach the state government to make this product available in the market."

Source : http://indiatoday.intoday.in/education/story/iit-kanpur/1/899503.html

Cisco Global Problem Solver Challenge 2019

Greetings !

The application window for the $300K Cisco Global Problem Solver Challenge 2019 is now open, and we need your help. We’re looking for current students and recent graduates with a technology solution that can help solve the world’s most pressing societal and environmental problems.

Yes, this is a tall order, but our past winners have shown us how it can be done.

For inspiration, check out this 30-second video that showcases Mary Elizabeth McCulloch, who developed the Voz Box, a device that’s already working to give a voice to the voiceless. To us, that’s the definition of a global problem solver: someone who can take their own knowledge and experiences and turn them into solutions that make the world a better place.

Easiest ways to help:

  1. These links will let you quickly re-tweet, share on Facebook or Linked in, and like on Instagram
  2. Download this Slide or Flyer from our Promotional Toolkit to share at an event or with a group
  3. Nominate students and recent graduates below

Nominate

Thank you in advance!  We know – with your help – Cisco can support this next generation of social entrepreneurs, who are having a huge impact solving global challenges using the power of technology.


Sameer Sortur
Sr. Outreach Director
Cisco Global Problem Solver Challenge 2019

UAE(WhatsApp): +971 50 856-0861
India(WhatsApp): +91 970 216 2232

Intro slide-Cisco GPS 2019

Social media handles:

Instagram: @CiscoCSR
Twitter: @CiscoCSR /  @CiscoNetAcad 
Facebook: @CiscoGlobalProblemSolverChallenge / @CiscoCSR / @cisconetworkingacademy

Please Share