Are the farmers using pesticides efficiently and economically to their crops? Gone are the days when crop protection was a difficult issue for farmers. Coming face to face with problems like pest attacks and diseases, ignorant farmers across Indian sub-continent often use pesticides on their crops in excessive quantity without thinking about its harmful impacts on the environment and human health.
Manoj Kumar Patel, a 29-year-old young and enthusiastic scientist from department of Agrionics of a renowned research laboratory of India, Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, has developed a revolutionary spraying technique for the crops, orchards and high range trees protection from many dreadful pests, mites, insects and rodents harming the crops and causing various diseases in crops as well as human beings.
“The problem identification was the major difficulty as we are into pesticide spraying for past decades but are unaware of the fact that not all the pesticides are sprinkled on the entire crops and backside of the leaves are left devoid of pesticide through which the pests escape and harms it” as told by Patel. The conventional spraying technique involves the spraying of pesticide using a hand pressure swirl nozzles, bulky knapsack worn manually. However, most of the pesticide is used in spraying, approximately 30% of the pesticide reaches onto target surface of crops and plants and a lot more is wasted polluting the environment.
Patel has always defeated the problems came across throughout his life whether professional or personal. He hails from a small village in Uttar Pradesh and is the first most eligible bachelor of his village who could make it to the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award 2016.
He has developed an Electrostatic Nozzle for uniform pesticide spraying while using very least volume of the pesticide so that a better crop protection with good grain quality can be achieved with increased yield.
“The applied high voltage to charging electrode creates a high electrostatic force field around the liquid surface, results into small mist of negatively charged droplets which surround the crops and application of the pesticide from the front covers the leaves at the back as well. This innovation is very efficient, cost effective and environment friendly” Patel said.
Patel has brought so many laurels to the Organisation including the SKOCH Smart Technology Award 2015, Order-of-Merit Award 2015 and Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award 2016 awarded at President Bhawan on March 13, 2016.
Patel and his team has spent almost all the nights and days in the laboratory for a period of almost 18 months to bring about this innovation into reality. He gives credits to his mentors Dr. C Ghanshyam and Dr. Manoj Kumar Nayak and teammates Ms. Sudeshna Bagchi, Mr. Hemant Kumar Sahoo, Bushra Parveen without whose contribution and support he was not able to complete this work in a very short time-span.
The project has been patented and reached to the industrial level and soon it will be implemented and employed in the farms of India and other world’s developing and rural economies for the pest control. Surely, this will lead to the 21st century’s revolution in crop protection.