Three young engineers of the premier institute of IIT Kharagpur Mr. Bhuvaneshwaran Subramanian, Selvakumar M & Dibyendu Gouri developed a flexible, biodegradable and anti-microbial new, advanced form of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD).
Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) is a uterine implantable fertility-control device which prevents implantation of embryo but sometimes causes trauma, leading to cramps and microbial infection. Also, because of the fixed shape and size, it is not appropriate for anatomy of uterine cavity of every woman. Thus, a new form of IUCD, having controlled biodegradability, anti-microbial and radio-opaque properties, has been developed by them.
The IUCD developed , when introduced into the uterine cavity, adopts a shape that matches with that of the individual uterine cavity. At the same time its shape changes continuously in accordance with the uterine-cavity changes, though being resistant to spontaneous expulsion. It also has a hollow tube of segmented polyurethane (SPU) polymer, doped with Bismuth oxide, which is filled with spongy foam and grafted with aloevera and neem extracts which are non-toxic and destroy sperm cells.
After implantation of this new form of IUCD, the flexible property helps accommodate inside the dynamic uterine environment and the biodegradable property minimises the rejection mechanism by the endom etrial tissues. SPU also releases antibiotic fragments which render the inner wall of the uterine cavity antimicrobial and protects the individual from sexually transmitted diseases. It solves the problem of cramps and perforation. The fertility can be restored after complete degradation of the new form of antimicrobial IUCD.
For this flexible ,biodegradable and a nti-microbial new advanced form of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) , they received Gandhian Young Technology Innovation Award 2016 organized by BIRAC-SRISTI at Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi.