New generation periscope fruit picking device

Students of Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Hyderabad, Tania Dutta won the award for developing a prototype of New generation periscope fruit picking device. She carried her project work under guidance of Dr. P Yogeeswari.

The estimated extent of annual post harvest losses are: Fruits, about 30 per cent valued at Rs 13,600 crores and for vegetables about 30 per cent valued at Rs 14,100 crores.

The most probable cause for the losses encountered is the untimely harvesting before proper maturation and the harvesting of damaged fruits along with the good ones and storing them together.The post harvest losses can be minimised to a great extent if the harvesters can see the condition of the fruits on the trees before picking them. Thus, I have come up with a design optimised modified tool structure. We have incorporated the idea of a periscope inside a fruit picker in such a way that it gives a complete view of the fruit so that the harvesters can decide if the fruit has ripened or not and pick accordingly. The device also has a focusing and zooming lens set-up for a better image at the end. The rod in the device are placed in a telescopic fashion. 
This allows flexible height adjustment of the rod according to the fruit height on the tree. The design is simple, convenient to use, does not require much technological knowledge, very cheap, easy to manufacture and provides a great loss minimisation in the long run. This product is mainly targeted to help the poor farmers who are still used to with the traditional old methodologies and equipments and have not yet been exposed to the highly advanced technical automated robotic machineries on which current researches are going on abroad.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Tania Dutta, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Hyderabad at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Eco-Friendly Water Retention Natural Polymer

Students of College of Technology and Engineering, Udaipur, Narayan Lal Gurjar, Shashi Pratap Singh Shekhawat, Ankit Jain won the award for research work of Eco-Friendly Water Retention Natural Polymer. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Shailendra Mohan Mathur.

As we know our country is agricultural depending economy and big part of our economy is depends on the agriculture. But production in agriculture is proportional to water availability.

In India 266 districts, in 11 states declared drought affected. The average food grain production between 2010-2011 and 2014-2015 is 255.59 million tons, while in 2015-2016, it is estimated to be at 253.16 million tones. More than 70% districts drought affected in 8 states. The data shows scarcity and unavailability of water causes too many losses. So we tried to create something helpful to retain water for long time, and in this trying we are successful to create a polymer named “Eco-Friendly Water Retention Natural Polymer”. Keeping in mind all the conditions of our country and our farmers we designed this product at low cost with much more efficiency. This polymer is working on properties of SAP. SAP have properties to absorb water of quantities of their own weight. It has more capacity to store water for long time. On testing of our product we found it may retain water for 4 to 6 weeks that means crops irrigated at intervals of 2 to 4 days are now can be irrigated at 7 to 8 days with less water consumption. Therefore, finally farmers can get more crop production in low water consumption. Our natural polymer is designed by use of waste material like banana peels and peepal barks with gel. As all the ingredient used are biodegradable, so our designed product is also biodegradable and completely pollution free i.e. it is easily mixed with soil and does not create any problem in the future.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Narayan Lal Gurjar, Shashi Pratap Singh Shekhawat, Ankit Jain, College of Technology and Engineering, Udaipur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

3D-NuS: A Web Server for Automated Modeling and Visualization of Non-Canonical 3- Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, L Ponoop Prasad Patro, Abhishek Kumar, Narendar Kolimi won the award for research work of 3D-NuS: A Web Server for Automated Modeling and Visualization of Non-Canonical 3- Dimensional Nucleic Acid Structures . They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Thenmalarchelvi Rathinavelan.

The inherent conformational flexibility of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA etc.) facilitate the formation of a range of conformations such as duplex, triplex, quadruplex etc., which play crucial roles in biological processes such as mismatch repair, replication, recombination, transcription, translation, gene regulations etc. These unconventional base pairing and structural conformations on DNA/RNA structures at different sequence contexts also induce abruptions in normal cell function which can lead to deformities and diseases (cancer, fragile X syndrome, etc.).

 To understand the role of these unusual nucleic acid structures in aforementioned biological phenomena and diseases, structural details at atomic level is indispensable. But, experimental methods (such as XRAY crystallography, NMR etc.) are not always successful in determining structural details and are very expensive. Further, structural insights about nucleic acid triplexes, which are generally not tractable to structure determination by X-ray crystallography or NMR techniques, are essential to establish their biological function(s). A web server, namely 3D-NuS (http://iith.ac.in/3dnus/), has been developed to generate energy minimized models of 80 different types of triplexes, 64 types of Gquadruplexes, left handed ZDNA/RNA duplexes, RNADNA hybrid duplex along with inter- and intramolecular DNA or RNA duplexes comprising a variety of mismatches and their chimeric forms for any user defined sequence and length. It also generates an ensemble of conformations corresponding to the modeled structure. These structures may serve as good starting models for docking proteins & small molecules with nucleic acids, NMR structure determination, cryo-electron microscope modeling, DNA/RNA nanotechnology applications and molecular dynamics simulation studies. The operational milestones that would be accomplished in future include generation of aforementioned structures with modified nucleic acids such as PNA and LNA, intra-molecular triplexes, complex duplexes and models with user defined structural parameters.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to L Ponoop Prasad Patro, Abhishek Kumar, Narendar Kolimi , Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Performance Evaluation and Process Optimization for Production of Ready-to-Eat Therapeutic Food Paste in Pilot Scale Unit

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Rakesh Kumar Raigar, Danie Shajie A won the Appreciation award for research work of Performance Evaluation and Process Optimization for Production of Ready-to-Eat Therapeutic Food Paste in Pilot Scale Unit. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. H N Mishra.

Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children below five years of age in India, where 8.1 million children are estimated to suffer from SAM. To combat this stumbling block, an indigenously developed readyto-eat therapeutic food (RTE-TF) is the need of the hour, catering the prerequisite of energy dense and nutrient rich ready-to-eat product containing defined calorie and essential nutrients which would be storage compatible, culturally acceptable; easy to administer; control and deliver at low cost for SAM children. A GMP/GHP compliance PLC controlled pilot scale unit has been commissioned in the Agricultural and Food Engineering Department at IIT Kharagpur aligning with the Make in India vision in treating SAM at community level with financial support from Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi for the production of RTE-TF.

 Five RTE-TF formulations were developed using locally produced raw material and fortified with micronutrients. A peanut based formulation was processed for the performance evaluation and optimization of major equipment installed in the pilot scale unit. The material and system parameters for primary processing (batch operations) like roasting, deskinning, grinding etc. and PLC based continuous processing (viz. grinding, mixing & homogenizing) were optimized along with the standardization of PLC based clean-in-place (CIP) sanitization system. Physico-chemical, safety and nutritional characterization of the RTE-TF produced in the pilot scale unit was done and complied as per the norms defined by World Health Organization for SAM. The pilot scale process will reinforce the liability for sustainable production of RTE-TF paste which would aid in management of SAM in children in our country.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Rakesh Kumar Raigar, Danie Shajie A, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

A Non-contact Optical Device for Online Multiplexed Monitoring of Diseases of Military Importance in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings

Students of S.N.Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Probir Kumar Sarkar, Aniruddha Adhikari, Animesh Halder, Soumendra Singh won the award for developing a prototype of A Non-contact Optical Device for Online Multiplexed Monitoring of Diseases of Military Importance in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof (Dr). Samir Kumar Pal .

Jaundice, Anaemia and Hypoxia, the three intimately interrelated health problems in military services particularly in fragile and conflict-affected settings take care of significant preventable casualties. These trio also proved to be the major cause for neonatal and maternal mortality in developing world. On the other hand, conventional gold-standard detection strategy through invasive blood sampling has several drawbacks for neonates and is redundant in fragile and conflict-affected settings. Thus a low cost and robust strategy for diagnosis of these diseases in all adverse conditions is of outmost importance to countries like India where huge number of military personnel are deployed in adverse geographical conditions along the border area and where under-5 mortality rate is alarmingly high. We, developed prototype of a noninvasive, non-contact, affordable, easy-to-use, point-of-care reflectance spectroscopy based device for measuring all three parameters at one go based on the spectral signature of bilirubin, hemoglobin and oxygen saturation from the vascular bed lying under conjunctiva (white portion) of eye. As conjunctiva is white independent of race, age or skin color, the device is useful to all. The indigenously developed software makes the device compatible to e-healthcare with possibility of online monitoring through cloud computing. Thus, this strategy will be extremely helpful in critical/low resource conditions like battle field and high altitude border regions for regular routine health check-up of army people who always devoted their life to protect the nation. The innovative noncontact, low-cost technique is expected to have importance in monitoring jaundice, anemia and hypoxia in developing / underdeveloped countries, where the inexpensive diagnosis with non-experts manpower is obligatory.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Probir Kumar Sarkar, Aniruddha Adhikari, Animesh Halder, Soumendra Singh, S.N.Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Big Data Management for Techpedia | Internship | Bangalore ~ Honey Bee Network

About Techpedia

Techpedia, an initiative at SRISTI aims at putting the problems of micro, small and medium enterprises, informal sector, grassroots innovators and other social sectors on the agenda of the young technology students across the country. For over last sixty years, India has not utilized much the technological outputs of millions of students. But no more. Can a knowledge society really afford to ignore the huge talent distributed in thousands of polytechnics, diploma and degree colleges of engineering, pharmacy, medical science, agriculture etc.? SRISTI is providing a platform for the industry and academic institutions to collaborate, co-create and foster distributed and horizontal innovations. Most of the ideas mentioned here have been implemented and the initial results are shown extremely encouraging.

 

About the Internship:
Selected intern’s day-to-day responsibilities include:

1. Scraping from the open source systems and cleansing data required to run machine learning algorithms
2. Data preparation and feedback analysis for natural language processing systems
3. Handling data analytics of the chat/speech conversations and analyzing the patterns & insights
4. Working with Google Scripts and git repositories

Skill(s) required: Python (Learn Python), SQL, Data Analytics, NoSQL and REST API
Who can apply:
Only those candidates can apply who:

  1. are available for duration of 3 months
  2. have relevant skills and interests
Perks:
Certificate, Letter of recommendation
Send your resume and CV to techpedia@sristi.org and anilgb@gmail.com as sooner as possible.

3D bioprinted skin scar model for drug and cosmetic testing

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Shikha Chawla, Aarushi Sharma won the award for research work of 3D bioprinted skin scar model for drug and cosmetic testing. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr. Sourabh Ghosh.

Current anti-scar cosmetic products or medicines are not effective enough due to poor understanding of scar pathogenesis. Results of pre-clinical trials on animals do not always extrapolated to humans . Moreover, pharmaceutical companies are facing a major jolt due to European Union ban on animal testing of finished cosmetic products/ingredients (European Union Council Directive 76/768/EEC).

International Cooperation on Cosmetics Regulation is strongly encouraging development of alternatives for drug testing on animals due to ethical concern, to reduce or eliminate the use of animal models. Hence, there is an urgent need for a human cell-based in vitro engineered tissue models to screen drugs/cosmetics for the prevention of scar. Since past 50 years, many international researchers/industries tried to develop tissue engineered skin for transplantation. But tissue engineered skin received limited success in human clinical trials. Uniqueness of our approach is to develop a relatively simpler, human cellbased in vitro tissue engineered skin model that could 1) be used for rapid screening of anti-scar drugs/cosmetics and 2) help to extend our understanding of the cellular signaling pathways. Our model could recapitulate several hallmarks of scar tissue: (1) fibroblasts to myofibroblasts transition and expression of α -SMA; 2) contraction; 3) excessive collagen and reduced elastin secretion; 4) fibrotic ECM protein expression (SPARC and Tenascin); 5) low MMP secretion and 6) involvement of TGF-β/SMAD and Wnt/β-catenin pathways. To the best of our knowledge, no such in vitro models have been reported, hence it is getting major attention of national/international level news media and pharmaceutical companies.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Shikha Chawla, Aarushi Sharma, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Origgon – A Social Search Engine

Student of Don Bosco High School, Assam, Abhik Saha won the award for developing a search engine Origgon – A Social Search Engine.

Origgon.com is world’s first of its kind social search engine made by 15 year old boy, Abhik Saha. Origgon is a unique innovation to save people from the trouble of finding spam and irrelevant results in their search process. Origgon is a baby step towards our honourable Prime Minister’s vision of “Make in India”.

It gives users the opportunity to find optimal search results based on reviews and recommendations by people. In the space where AI has evolved so far, it’s still not accurate to meet our needs. Every people have their own personalised space and needs set. The job of social search is to full fill that need for every individual, the need might be fulfilled based on more personalised set from one’s social media data, one’s friends circle and all other social stuffs. Origgon, a social search engine where search results will not be based on SEO but by votes of people all over the world. We people are sharing lot of valuable content in the web, let that be picture or text or a emoji or a news article or a meme anything. We share because we believe the content is worth it or at-least for yourself it is important. Taking those recommendation, those likes, those little things the billion people shares every day, to personalise and recommend the results. Link: www.origgon.com

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Abhik Saha, Don Bosco High School, Assam at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Road Accident Detection using Perceptual Attributes of Video

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Dr. Sinnu Susan Thomas won the award for research work of Road Accident Detection using Perceptual Attributes of Video. She carried her project work under guidance of Prof. Sumana Gupta and Prof. K S Venkatesh.

According to Annual Global Road Crash Statistics, nearly 1.3 million people die in road crashes every year, on average 3,287 deaths a day. Road accident detection and vehicle behavior analysis is of great interest to the research community in intelligent transportation systems. Surveillance cameras are ubiquitous on the roads and capture videos round the clock. The enormous data collected by cameras may be time consuming and laborious to scrutinize the occurrence of an accident scenario present in the videos. There is a need to reduce the redundant nature of video so that its contents become succinct using video summarization techniques. The project presents perceptual video summarization techniques to enrich the speed of visualizing the accident content from a stack of videos. The problem of vehicle analysis is formulated as an optimization problem. The results establish the versatility of the proposed summarization model.

This model is formulated using cost function based on the change in the appearance of perceptual features such as motion, color, shape, and size. A selective minimization of the cost function leads to an appropriate video summarization of the event. The experiments were conducted for different types of collision such as head-on collision, rearend collision, single-vehicle collision and intersection collision and summarized the events prior, during, and subsequent to the accidents. The reduction ratio achieved is small and true positive detection is higher compared to the conventional methods. The model used for this project can be used for various surveillance purposes

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Dr. Sinnu Susan Thomas, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Window Solar Cooker

Students of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Avinash Prabhune won the award for research work of  Window Solar Cooker. They carried their project work under guidance of Prof. B K Chakravarthy.

The LPG price hikes every month triggered the thought on Solar Energy which could be a clean and abundant source of energy. There are many types of solar cookers available in the market, but they are not that efficient. Each one has its own pros and cons. In a rapidly urbanizing India, the user segment this product is targeted towards are the people who live in high rise buildings because they don’t have space to use solar cooker and the old solar cookers fail to match their fast-paced life style. For using present type of solar cookers, the users need to have open space where they will get continuous sun light and the users need to track the sun all day.

All these usability issues are the reason why urban users are not willing to consider this as an alternative to conventional cooking methods. This new kind of solar Oven will be mountable in the window or wall like a window AC, while facing towards south where sun is available all year round. Thus the accessibility becomes very easy from inside the house itself and the users need not go out. The cylindrical form provides uniform sunlight all day long. The ‘Dabba’ perception about the box-type of solar cooker has been broken by this new design. The efficiency has been improved and the time taken for cooking is drastically reduced, as compared to any other kind of solar cooker.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Avinash Prabhune, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Magnetic tool for nano finishing the holes, vertical and horizontal surfaces

Student of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Girish Chandra Verma won the award for research work of  Magnetic tool for nano finishing the holes, vertical and horizontal surfaces. He carried his project work under guidance of Prof. Pulak Mohan Pandey.

The developed tool is based on MAF principle for polishing holes, blind holes, grooves and vertical surfaces. The tool developed in the present work consists of five main components, which are two cylindrical magnets (having magnetic flux density of 0.452 T), a mild steel piece, a copper casing, and an upper head made of mild steel. In the developed tool the magnets were arranged in such a way that, similar pole of both the magnets faces each other. Due to this the magnetic lines of force from both the magnets get directed to radial direction. Using this concept of similar pole facing each other; a high magnetic flux density 0.8 T is achieved around the circumferential area of mild steel piece. The developed tool also produces variable magnetic flux density so that material of different hardness can be finished. For obtaining a variable magnetic flux density, the gap between the upper magnet and ferromagnetic piece is altered with the help of nut and bolt arrangement provided on the upper piece of copper casing and upper head. The size of the developed tool can also be modified by using different sizes of magnets and casing, which can be used to finish hole of different sizes. Experimentation on SS304 stainless steel pipe (with initial surface roughness of 541nm) at an optimized condition resulted in a surface finish of 56 nm. The obtained SEM (scanning electron microscopy) images of finished and unfinished surface have showed that all the scratch marks were removed and finished surface was obtained.

The Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Award to Girish Chandra Verma, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.