Brain wave nerve excitation for physically disabled

Students of SCMS – School of Enginnering and Technology, Kerala, Sarath S, Shilpa M Biju, Shilpa P Prasad, Midhun Raj, Sachin S, Nandha Kiran, Hridhya Jolly K won the award for research work of Brain wave nerve excitation for physically disabled. They carried their project work under guidance of Dr Sunil Jacob.

Paralysis is a problem that has been plaguing the general population ever since mankind has evolved. It is a disheartening sight to see the plight of these differently abled people not being able to bring in as much productivity as the normal population out in the real world. Of the total world population, over 29% suffer from paralyzes due to stroke or some other reasons.

Paralysed person has a clot in the brain cells that blocks the signal transmission from brain to muscle. To solve this problem we introduce the Brain to Muscle Interface for Paralyzed (BMIP) technique. The BMIP will act as a direct interface between brain and muscle by bypassing the clotting between them. This interface helps brain to control the muscle movements according to his thinking and concentration. The wearable glove that is attached to the controlling person contains the EMG electrodes which tap the excitation produced due to the corresponding movement and it is then converted into an EMG signal .We use TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) device that provides electrical stimulation for excitation. The headset contains 16 EEG electrodes in total (14 live electrodes & 2 reference electrodes). These electrodes are placed in contact to the necessary nerve excitation points in head. Arduino is used as an interface between the spiker shield, TENS device and the hand gloves. The person controls the movements by thought and it’s an efficient way of helping the paralyzed to do their real time activities. Link: https://youtu.be/t7iYi822lGM

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology, awarded the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Appreciation to Sarath S, Shilpa M Biju, Shilpa P Prasad, Midhun Raj, Sachin S, Nandha Kiran, Hridhya Jolly K, SCMS – School of Enginnering and Technology, Kerala at the GYTI 2018 Awards function held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on March 19, 2018.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *